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Title: An adaptive extended finite element method for the analysis of agglomeration of colloidal particles in a flowing fluid

Direct numerical simulations of the flow-nanoparticle interaction in a colloidal suspension are presented using an extended finite element method (XFEM) in which the dynamics of the nanoparticles is solved in a fully-coupled manner with the flow. The method is capable of accurately describing solid-fluid interfaces without the need of boundary-fitted meshes to investigate the dynamics of particles in complex flows. In order to accurately compute the high interparticle shear stresses and pressures while minimizing computing costs, an adaptive meshing technique is incorporated with the fluid-structure interaction algorithm. The particle-particle interaction at the microscopic level is modeled using the Lennard-Jones (LJ) potential and the corresponding potential parameters are determined by a scaling procedure. The study is relevant to the preparation of inks used in the fabrication of catalyst layers for fuel cells. In this paper, we are particularly interested in investigating agglomeration of the nanoparticles under external shear flow in a sliding bi-periodic Lees-Edwards frame. The results indicate that the external shear has a crucial impact on the structure formation of colloidal particles in a suspension.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Institute for Integrated Energy Systems, and Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, V8W 3P6 (Canada)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22391180
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1648; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: ICNAAM-2014: International Conference on Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics 2014, Rhodes (Greece), 22-28 Sep 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; AGGLOMERATION; ALGORITHMS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; FABRICATION; FINITE ELEMENT METHOD; FLUID FLOW; FLUIDS; FLUID-STRUCTURE INTERACTIONS; INTERFACES; LAYERS; LENNARD-JONES POTENTIAL; NANOPARTICLES; PERIODICITY; SHEAR; SOLIDS; STRESSES; SUSPENSIONS