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Title: CLASH-X: A comparison of lensing and X-ray techniques for measuring the mass profiles of galaxy clusters

We present profiles of temperature, gas mass, and hydrostatic mass estimated from new and archival X-ray observations of CLASH clusters. We compare measurements derived from XMM and Chandra observations with one another and compare both to gravitational lensing mass profiles derived with CLASH Hubble Space Telescope and Subaru Telescope lensing data. Radial profiles of Chandra and XMM measurements of electron density and enclosed gas mass are nearly identical, indicating that differences in hydrostatic masses inferred from X-ray observations arise from differences in gas-temperature measurements. Encouragingly, gas temperatures measured in clusters by XMM and Chandra are consistent with one another at ∼100-200 kpc radii, but XMM temperatures systematically decline relative to Chandra temperatures at larger radii. The angular dependence of the discrepancy suggests that additional investigation on systematics such as the XMM point-spread function correction, vignetting, and off-axis responses is yet required. We present the CLASH-X mass-profile comparisons in the form of cosmology-independent and redshift-independent circular-velocity profiles. We argue that comparisons of circular-velocity profiles are the most robust way to assess mass bias. Ratios of Chandra hydrostatic equilibrium (HSE) mass profiles to CLASH lensing profiles show no obvious radial dependence in the 0.3-0.8 Mpc range. However, the mean mass biases inferredmore » from the weak-lensing (WL) and SaWLens data are different. As an example, the weighted-mean value at 0.5 Mpc is (b) = 0.12 for the WL comparison and (b) = –0.11 for the SaWLens comparison. The ratios of XMM HSE mass profiles to CLASH lensing profiles show a pronounced radial dependence in the 0.3-1.0 Mpc range, with a weighted mean mass bias value rising to (b) ≳ 0.3 at ∼1 Mpc for the WL comparison and (b) ≈ 0.25 for the SaWLens comparison. The enclosed gas mass profiles from both Chandra and XMM rise to a value ≈1/8 times the total-mass profiles inferred from lensing at ≈0.5 Mpc and remain constant outside of that radius, suggesting that M {sub gas} × 8 profiles may be an excellent proxy for total-mass profiles at ≳ 0.5 Mpc in massive galaxy clusters.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ; ; ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [10] ;  [11] ;  [12] ;  [13] ;  [14] more »; « less
  1. Physics and Astronomy Department, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)
  2. San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132 (United States)
  3. Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)
  4. INFN, Sezione di Bologna, viale Berti Pichat 6/2, I-40127 Bologna (Italy)
  5. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)
  6. STScI, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)
  7. Universität Heidelberg, Zentrum für Astronomie, Philosophenweg 12, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)
  8. Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (CSIC), C/Camino Bajo de Huétor 24, Granada E-18008 (Spain)
  9. Leiden Observatories, Niels Bohrweb 2, NL-2333 CA Leiden (Netherlands)
  10. Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country, E-48080 Bilbao (Spain)
  11. Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)
  12. INAF-IASF, via Bassini 15, I-20133 Milan (Italy)
  13. Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark)
  14. Dept Astronomía-Astrofísica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Casilla 306, 22 Santiago (Chile)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22370405
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 794; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CORRECTIONS; ELECTRON DENSITY; EQUILIBRIUM; GALAXY CLUSTERS; GRAVITATIONAL LENSES; MASS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; RED SHIFT; SPACE; TELESCOPES; VELOCITY; X RADIATION; X-RAY GALAXIES