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Title: Evidence for ubiquitous collimated galactic-scale outflows along the star-forming sequence at z ∼ 0.5

We analyze Mg II λλ2796, 2803 and Fe II λλ2586, 2600 absorption profiles in individual spectra of 105 galaxies at 0.3 < z < 1.4. The galaxies, drawn from redshift surveys of the GOODS fields and the Extended Groth Strip, sample the range in star formation rates (SFRs) occupied by the star-forming sequence with stellar masses log M {sub *}/M {sub ☉} ≳ 9.6 down to SFR ≳ 2 M {sub ☉} yr{sup –1} at 0.3 < z < 0.7. Using the Doppler shifts of Mg II and Fe II absorption as tracers of cool gas kinematics, we detect large-scale winds in 66 ± 5% of the galaxies. Hubble Space Telescope Advanced Camera for Surveys imaging and our spectral analysis indicate that the outflow detection rate depends primarily on galaxy orientation: winds are detected in ∼89% of galaxies having inclinations (i) <30° (face-on), while the wind detection rate is ∼45% in objects having i > 50° (edge-on). Combined with the comparatively weak dependence of wind detection rate on intrinsic galaxy properties, this implies that biconical outflows are ubiquitous in normal, star-forming galaxies at z ∼ 0.5. We find that wind velocity is correlated with galaxy M {sub *} at 3.4σmore » significance, while outflow equivalent width is correlated with SFR at 3.5σ significance, suggesting hosts with higher SFR launch more material and/or generate a larger velocity spread for the absorbing clouds. Assuming the gas is driven into halos with isothermal density profiles, the wind velocities (∼200-400 km s{sup –1}) permit escape from the halo potentials only for the lowest-M {sub *} systems in the sample. However, the gas carries sufficient energy to reach distances ≳ 50 kpc, and may therefore be a viable source of material for the massive, cool circumgalactic medium around bright galaxies at z ∼ 0.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany)
  2. Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)
  3. Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States)
  4. Newman Laboratory of Elementary Particle Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22370360
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 794; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; DENSITY; DETECTION; DISTANCE; DOPPLER EFFECT; EVOLUTION; GALAXIES; INCLINATION; IRON; MAGNESIUM; MASS; RED SHIFT; SPACE; SPECTRA; STARS; STELLAR WINDS; TELESCOPES; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; VELOCITY