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Title: CARMA Large Area Star Formation Survey: project overview with analysis of dense gas structure and kinematics in Barnard 1

We present details of the CARMA Large Area Star Formation Survey (CLASSy), while focusing on observations of Barnard 1. CLASSy is a CARMA Key Project that spectrally imaged N{sub 2}H{sup +}, HCO{sup +}, and HCN (J = 1 → 0 transitions) across over 800 square arcminutes of the Perseus and Serpens Molecular Clouds. The observations have angular resolution near 7'' and spectral resolution near 0.16 km s{sup –1}. We imaged ∼150 square arcminutes of Barnard 1, focusing on the main core, and the B1 Ridge and clumps to its southwest. N{sub 2}H{sup +} shows the strongest emission, with morphology similar to cool dust in the region, while HCO{sup +} and HCN trace several molecular outflows from a collection of protostars in the main core. We identify a range of kinematic complexity, with N{sub 2}H{sup +} velocity dispersions ranging from ∼0.05 to 0.50 km s{sup –1} across the field. Simultaneous continuum mapping at 3 mm reveals six compact object detections, three of which are new detections. A new, non-binary dendrogram algorithm is used to analyze dense gas structures in the N{sub 2}H{sup +} position-position-velocity (PPV) cube. The projected sizes of dendrogram-identified structures range from about 0.01 to 0.34 pc. Size-linewidth relationsmore » using those structures show that non-thermal line-of-sight velocity dispersion varies weakly with projected size, while rms variation in the centroid velocity rises steeply with projected size. Comparing these relations, we propose that all dense gas structures in Barnard 1 have comparable depths into the sky, around 0.1-0.2 pc; this suggests that overdense, parsec-scale regions within molecular clouds are better described as flattened structures rather than spherical collections of gas. Science-ready PPV cubes for Barnard 1 molecular emission are available for download.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ; ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [10] more »; « less
  1. Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States)
  2. Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1002 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)
  3. Departments of Physics and Statistics, University of British Columbia, Okanagan Campus, 3333 University Way, Kelowna BC V1V 1V7 (Canada)
  4. Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States)
  5. Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)
  6. Owens Valley Radio Observatory, MC 105-24 OVRO, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)
  7. Steward Observatory, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)
  8. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States)
  9. SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen (Netherlands)
  10. Astronomy Department, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22370304
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 794; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ALGORITHMS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COSMIC GASES; DETECTION; DISPERSIONS; DUSTS; EMISSION; IMAGES; MOLECULES; PROTOSTARS; RESOLUTION; SKY; SPHERICAL CONFIGURATION; STARS; VELOCITY