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Title: Evolution of magnetohydrodynamic waves in low layers of a coronal hole

Although a coronal hole is permeated by a magnetic field with a dominant polarity, magnetograms reveal a more complex magnetic structure in the lowest layers, where several regions of opposite polarity of typical size of the order of 10{sup 4} km are present. This can give rise to magnetic separatrices and neutral lines. MHD fluctuations generated at the base of the coronal hole by motions of the inner layer of the solar atmosphere may interact with such inhomogeneities, leading to the formation of small scales. This phenomenon is studied on a 2D model of a magnetic structure with an X-point, using 2D MHD numerical simulations. This model implements a method of characteristics for boundary conditions in the direction outer-pointing to Sun surface to simulate both wave injection and exit without reflection. Both Alfvénic and magnetosonic perturbations are considered, and they show very different phenomenology. In the former case, an anisotropic power-law spectrum forms with a dominance of perpendicular wavevectors at altitudes ∼10{sup 4} km. Density fluctuations are generated near the X-point by Alfvén wave magnetic pressure and propagate along open fieldlines at a speed comparable to the local Alfvén velocity. An analysis of energy dissipation and heating caused by themore » formation of small scales for the Alfvénic case is presented. In the magnetosonic case, small scales form only around the X-point, where a phenomenon of oscillating magnetic reconnection is observed to be induced by the periodic deformation of the magnetic structure due to incoming waves.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Dipartimento di Fisica, Università della Calabria, Rende (CS), I-87036 (Italy)
  2. Tri Alpha Energy, PO Box 7010, Rancho Santa Margarita, CA 92688 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22370193
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 796; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ALFVEN WAVES; ANISOTROPY; BOUNDARY CONDITIONS; DEFORMATION; DENSITY; DISTURBANCES; ENERGY LOSSES; FLUCTUATIONS; HYDROMAGNETIC WAVES; LAYERS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETIC RECONNECTION; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; PERIODICITY; PERTURBATION THEORY; REFLECTION; SOLAR ATMOSPHERE; SPECTRA; STAR EVOLUTION; SUN