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Title: A NEW FUNDAMENTAL PLANE FOR RADIATIVELY EFFICIENT BLACK-HOLE SOURCES

In recent years, it has been found that several low/hard states of X-ray binaries (XRBs) follow an ''outliers'' track in the radio-X-ray correlation (L{sub R}∝L{sub X}{sup b} and b ∼ 1.4), which is much steeper than the former universal track with b ∼ 0.6. In this work, we compile a sample of bright radio-quiet active galactic nuclei (AGNs) and find that their hard X-ray photon indices and Eddington ratios are positively correlated, which is similar to that of XRB outliers, where both bright AGNs and XRB outliers have bolometric Eddington ratios ≳ 1%L {sub Edd} (L {sub Edd} is Eddington luminosity). The Eddington-scaled radio-X-ray correlation of these AGNs is also similar to that of XRB outliers, which has the form of L {sub 5} {sub GHz}/L {sub Edd}∝(L {sub 2-10} {sub keV}/L {sub Edd}) {sup c} with c ≅ 1.59 and 1.53 for AGNs and XRBs, respectively. Both the positively correlated X-ray spectral evolution and the steeper radio-X-ray correlation can be regulated by a radiatively efficient accretion flow (e.g., disk-corona). Based on these similarities, we further present a new fundamental plane for XRB outliers and bright AGNs in black-hole (BH) mass, radio, and X-ray luminosity space: log L{sub R}=1.59{sub −0.22}{sup +0.28}log L{submore » X}−0.22{sub −0.20}{sup +0.19}log M{sub BH}−28.97{sub −0.45}{sup +0.45} with a scatter of σ{sub R} = 0.51 dex. This fundamental plane is suitable for radiatively efficient BH sources, while the former plane proposed by Merloni et al. and Falcke et al. may be most suitable for radiatively inefficient sources.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. School of Physics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365829
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 787; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCRETION DISKS; BLACK HOLES; BOLOMETERS; CORRELATIONS; COSMIC PHOTONS; GALAXIES; GALAXY NUCLEI; HARD X RADIATION; INDEXES; JETS; LUMINOSITY; MASS