skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: HERSCHEL FINDS EVIDENCE FOR STELLAR WIND PARTICLES IN A PROTOSTELLAR ENVELOPE: IS THIS WHAT HAPPENED TO THE YOUNG SUN?

There is evidence that the young Sun emitted a high flux of energetic (≥10 MeV) particles. The collisions of these particles with the material at the inner edge of the Protosolar Nebula disk induced spallation reactions that formed short-lived radionuclei, like {sup 10}Be, whose trace is now visible in some meteorites. However, it is poorly known exactly when this happened, and whether and how it affected the solar system. Here, we present indirect evidence for an ejection of energetic particles in the young protostar, OMC-2 FIR 4, similar to that experienced by the young solar system. In this case, the energetic particles collide with the material in the protostellar envelope, enhancing the abundance of two molecular ions, HCO{sup +} and N{sub 2}H{sup +}, whose presence is detected via Herschel observations. The flux of energetic particles at a distance of 1 AU from the emitting source, estimated from the measured abundance ratio of HCO{sup +} and N{sub 2}H{sup +}, can easily account for the irradiation required by meteoritic observations. These new observations demonstrate that the ejection of ≥10 MeV particles is a phenomenon occurring very early in the life of a protostar, before the disappearance of the envelope from which the future star accretes.more » The whole envelope is affected by the event, which sets constraints on the magnetic field geometry in the source and opens up the possibility that the spallation reactions are not limited to the inner edge of the Protosolar Nebula disk.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Université Grenoble Alpes, IPAG, F-38000 Grenoble (France)
  2. Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, University of Amsterdam, Postbus 94249, 1090-GE Amsterdam (Netherlands)
  3. Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Montpellier, UMR 5299 du CNRS, Université de Montpellier II, cc072, F-34095 Montpellier (France)
  4. Université de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, IRAP, F-31062 Toulouse (France)
  5. School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365599
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 790; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; LIMITING VALUES; MAGNETIC FIELDS; METEORITES; METEOROIDS; MEV RANGE; MOLECULAR IONS; MOLECULES; PROTOSTARS; SOLAR SYSTEM; SPALLATION; STELLAR WINDS; SUN