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Title: Abundant molecular gas and inefficient star formation in intracluster regions: ram pressure stripped tail of the Norma galaxy ESO137-001

For the first time, we reveal large amounts of cold molecular gas in a ram-pressure-stripped tail, out to a large 'intracluster' distance from the galaxy. With the Actama Pathfinder EXperiment (APEX) telescope, we have detected {sup 12}CO(2-1) emission corresponding to more than 10{sup 9} M {sub ☉} of H{sub 2} in three Hα bright regions along the tail of the Norma cluster galaxy ESO 137-001, out to a projected distance of 40 kpc from the disk. ESO 137-001 has an 80 kpc long and bright X-ray tail associated with a shorter (40 kpc) and broader tail of numerous star forming H II regions. The amount of ∼1.5 × 10{sup 8} M {sub ☉} of H{sub 2} found in the most distant region is similar to molecular masses of tidal dwarf galaxies, though the standard Galactic CO-to-H{sub 2} factor could overestimate the H{sub 2} content. Along the tail, we find the amount of molecular gas to drop, while masses of the X-ray-emitting and diffuse ionized components stay roughly constant. Moreover, the amounts of hot and cold gas are large and similar, and together nearly account for the missing gas from the disk. We find a very low SFE (τ{sub dep} >more » 10{sup 10} yr) in the stripped gas in ESO 137-001 and suggest that this is due to a low average gas density in the tail, or turbulent heating of the interstellar medium that is induced by a ram pressure shock. The unprecedented bulk of observed H{sub 2} in the ESO 137-001 tail suggests that some stripped gas may survive ram pressure stripping in the molecular phase.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Boční II 1401, 14100 Prague (Czech Republic)
  2. Observatoire de Paris, LERMA, 61 Av. de l'Observatoire, F-75014 Paris (France)
  3. Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, Mail H30, P.O. Box 218, Hawthorn, VIC 3122 (Australia)
  4. Department of Physics, University of Alabama in Huntsville, 301 Sparkman Drive, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States)
  5. Department of Astronomy, Yale University, 260 Whitney Avenue, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365238
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 792; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CARBON MONOXIDE; COSMIC GASES; DENSITY; DISTANCE; EMISSION; EVOLUTION; GALAXIES; GALAXY CLUSTERS; HYDROGEN; INTERSTELLAR SPACE; MASS; STANDARDS; STAR CLUSTERS; STARS; STRIPPING; TELESCOPES; TURBULENT HEATING; X RADIATION