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Title: Circumbinary ring, circumstellar disks, and accretion in the binary system UY Aurigae

Recent exo-planetary surveys reveal that planets can orbit and survive around binary stars. This suggests that some fraction of young binary systems which possess massive circumbinary (CB) disks may be in the midst of planet formation. However, there are very few CB disks detected. We revisit one of the known CB disks, the UY Aurigae system, and probe {sup 13}CO 2-1, C{sup 18}O 2-1, SO 5(6)-4(5) and {sup 12}CO 3-2 line emission and the thermal dust continuum. Our new results confirm the existence of the CB disk. In addition, the circumstellar (CS) disks are clearly resolved in dust continuum at 1.4 mm. The spectral indices between the wavelengths of 0.85 mm and 6 cm are found to be surprisingly low, being 1.6 for both CS disks. The deprojected separation of the binary is 1.''26 based on our 1.4 mm continuum data. This is 0.''07 (10 AU) larger than in earlier studies. Combining the fact of the variation of UY Aur B in R band, we propose that the CS disk of an undetected companion UY Aur Bb obscures UY Aur Ba. A very complex kinematical pattern inside the CB disk is observed due to a mixing of Keplerian rotation ofmore » the CB disk, the infall and outflow gas. The streaming gas accreting from the CB ring toward the CS disks and possible outflows are also identified and resolved. The SO emission is found to be at the bases of the streaming shocks. Our results suggest that the UY Aur system is undergoing an active accretion phase from the CB disk to the CS disks. The UY Aur B might also be a binary system, making the UY Aur a triple system.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ; ; ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7]
  1. Academia Sinica, Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Taipei, Taiwan (China)
  2. Université de Bordeaux, Observatoire Aquitain des Sciences de l'Univers, CNRS, UMR 5804, Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux, 2 rue de l'Observatoire, BP 89, F-33271 Floirac Cedex (France)
  3. IRAM, 300 rue de la piscine, F-38406 Saint Martin d'Hères Cedex (France)
  4. Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)
  5. Centro de Radioastronomìa y Astrofìsica, UNAM, Apartado Postal 3-72, 58089 Morelia, Michoacàn (Mexico)
  6. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Colgate University, 13 Oak Drive, Hamilton, NY 13346 (United States)
  7. Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365050
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 793; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; BINARY STARS; DUSTS; EMISSION; INTERACTIONS; MIXING; ORBITS; PLANETS; PROBES; PROTOPLANETS; RINGS; ROTATION; WAVELENGTHS