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Title: EARLY OBSERVATIONS AND ANALYSIS OF THE TYPE Ia SN 2014J IN M82

We present optical and near infrared (NIR) observations of the nearby Type Ia SN 2014J. Seventeen optical and 23 NIR spectra were obtained from 10 days before (–10d) to 10 days after (+10d) the time of maximum B-band brightness. The relative strengths of absorption features and their patterns of development can be compared at one day intervals throughout most of this period. Carbon is not detected in the optical spectra, but we identify C I λ1.0693 in the NIR spectra. Mg II lines with high oscillator strengths have higher initial velocities than other Mg II lines. We show that the velocity differences can be explained by differences in optical depths due to oscillator strengths. The spectra of SN 2014J show that it is a normal SN Ia, but many parameters are near the boundaries between normal and high-velocity subclasses. The velocities for O I, Mg II, Si II, S II, Ca II, and Fe II suggest that SN 2014J has a layered structure with little or no mixing. That result is consistent with the delayed detonation explosion models. We also report photometric observations, obtained from –10d to +29d, in the UBVRIJH and K{sub s} bands. The template fitting package SNooPy is used tomore » interpret the light curves and to derive photometric parameters. Using R{sub V} = 1.46, which is consistent with previous studies, SNooPy finds that A{sub V} = 1.80 for E(B – V){sub host} = 1.23 ± 0.06 mag. The maximum B-band brightness of –19.19 ± 0.10 mag was reached on February 1.74 UT ± 0.13 days and the supernova has a decline parameter, Δm {sub 15}, of 1.12 ± 0.02 mag.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ; ; ;  [4] ; ;  [5] ;  [6] ; ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [10] ;  [11] ;  [12] ;  [13] ;  [14] more »; « less
  1. University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C1400, Austin, TX 78712-0259 (United States)
  2. Physics Department, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409 (United States)
  3. Carnegie Observatories, Las Campanas Observatory, Colina El Pino, Casilla 601 (Chile)
  4. Astronomy and Astrophysics Division, Physical Research Laboratory, Navrangapura, Ahmedabad - 380009, Gujarat (India)
  5. Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 6740 Cortona Drive, Suite 102, Santa Barbara, CA 93117 (United States)
  6. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)
  7. The Oskar Klein Centre, Physics Department, Stockholm University, Albanova University Center, SE 106 91 Stockholm (Sweden)
  8. Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)
  9. Haverford College, 370 Lancaster Avenue, Haverford, PA 19041 (United States)
  10. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Francis Marion University, 4822 East Palmetto Street, Florence, SC 29506 (United States)
  11. Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States)
  12. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, 8304 University Station, Clemson, SC 29634 (United States)
  13. Department of Space Studies, University of North Dakota, University Stop 9008, ND 58202 (United States)
  14. Astronomy Department, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364724
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 798; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION; ASTROPHYSICS; BRIGHTNESS; CALCIUM IONS; CARBON; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DIAGRAMS; INFRARED SPECTRA; IRON IONS; MAGNESIUM IONS; NEAR INFRARED RADIATION; OSCILLATOR STRENGTHS; PHOTOMETRY; SUPERNOVAE; VELOCITY; VISIBLE RADIATION