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Title: Three gravitationally lensed supernovae behind clash galaxy clusters

We report observations of three gravitationally lensed supernovae (SNe) in the Cluster Lensing And Supernova survey with Hubble (CLASH) Multi-Cycle Treasury program. These objects, SN CLO12Car (z = 1.28), SN CLN12Did (z = 0.85), and SN CLA11Tib (z = 1.14), are located behind three different clusters, MACSJ1720.2+3536 (z = 0.391), RXJ1532.9+3021 (z = 0.345), and A383 (z = 0.187), respectively. Each SN was detected in Hubble Space Telescope optical and infrared images. Based on photometric classification, we find that SNe CLO12Car and CLN12Did are likely to be Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia), while the classification of SN CLA11Tib is inconclusive. Using multi-color light-curve fits to determine a standardized SN Ia luminosity distance, we infer that SN CLO12Car was ∼1.0 ± 0.2 mag brighter than field SNe Ia at a similar redshift and ascribe this to gravitational lens magnification. Similarly, SN CLN12Did is ∼0.2 ± 0.2 mag brighter than field SNe Ia. We derive independent estimates of the predicted magnification from CLASH strong+weak-lensing maps of the clusters (in magnitude units, 2.5 log{sub 10}μ): 0.83 ± 0.16 mag for SN CLO12Car, 0.28 ± 0.08 mag for SN CLN12Did, and 0.43 ± 0.11 mag for SN CLA11Tib. The two SNe Ia provide amore » new test of the cluster lens model predictions: we find that the magnifications based on the SN Ia brightness and those predicted by the lens maps are consistent. Our results herald the promise of future observations of samples of cluster-lensed SNe Ia (from the ground or space) to help illuminate the dark-matter distribution in clusters of galaxies, through the direct determination of absolute magnifications.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ; ; ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ; ; ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [10] ;  [11] ;  [12] more »; « less
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)
  3. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, MS 169-327, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)
  4. Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, MS 249-17, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)
  5. National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States)
  6. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States)
  7. Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21208 (United States)
  8. Institut für Theoretische Astrophysik, Universität Heidelberg, Zentrum für Astronomie, Philosophenweg 12, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)
  9. INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Via G. B. Tiepolo 11, I-34131 Trieste (Italy)
  10. Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC), Camino Bajo de Huétor 24, E-18008 Granada (Spain)
  11. Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, NL-2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands)
  12. Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country, P.O. Box 644, E-48080 Bilbao (Spain)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22357048
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 786; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; BRIGHTNESS; CLASSIFICATION; COLOR; COSMOLOGY; DISTRIBUTION; GALAXIES; GALAXY CLUSTERS; GRAVITATIONAL LENSES; LUMINOSITY; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; RED SHIFT; SPACE; SUPERNOVAE; TELESCOPES; VISIBLE RADIATION