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Title: The binary white dwarf LHS 3236

The white dwarf LHS 3236 (WD1639+153) is shown to be a double-degenerate binary, with each component having a high mass. Astrometry at the U.S. Naval Observatory gives a parallax and distance of 30.86 ± 0.25 pc and a tangential velocity of 98 km s{sup –1}, and reveals binary orbital motion. The orbital parameters are determined from astrometry of the photocenter over more than three orbits of the 4.0 yr period. High-resolution imaging at the Keck Observatory resolves the pair with a separation of 31 and 124 mas at two epochs. Optical and near-IR photometry give a set of possible binary components. Consistency of all data indicates that the binary is a pair of DA stars with temperatures near 8000 and 7400 K and with masses of 0.93 and 0.91 M {sub ☉}; also possible is a DA primary and a helium DC secondary with temperatures near 8800 and 6000 K and with masses of 0.98 and 0.69 M {sub ☉}. In either case, the cooling ages of the stars are ∼3 Gyr and the total ages are <4 Gyr. The combined mass of the binary (1.66-1.84 M {sub ☉}) is well above the Chandrasekhar limit; however, the timescale for coalescencemore » is long.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. US Naval Observatory, 10391 West Naval Observatory Road, Flagstaff, AZ 86001-8521 (United States)
  2. Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States)
  3. US Naval Observatory, 3450 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20392-5420 (United States)
  4. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Macquarie University, New South Wales, NSW 2109 (Australia)
  5. Gemini Observatory, 670 N. Aohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22348534
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 779; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COALESCENCE; COOLING; HELIUM; MASS; ORBITS; PHOTOMETRY; RESOLUTION; WHITE DWARF STARS