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Title: Phase transition and multicolor luminescence of Eu{sup 2+}/Mn{sup 2+}-activated Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} phosphors

Graphical abstract: We have synthesized Eu{sup 2+} doped and Eu{sup 2+}/Mn{sup 2+} co-doped Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} phosphors. The emitting color varies from blue to green with increasing of Eu{sup 2+} content for the Eu{sup 2+}-doped phosphor, and the quantum yield of the 0.05Eu{sup 2+}: Ca{sub 2.95}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} sample reaches 56.7%. Interestingly, Mn{sup 2+} co-doping into Eu{sup 2+}: Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} leads to its phase transition from orthorhombic to rhombohedral, and subsequently generates tunable multi-color luminescence from green to red via Eu{sup 2+} → Mn{sup 2+} energy transfer. - Highlights: • A series of novel Eu{sup 2+}: Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} phosphors were successfully synthesized. • Phase transition of Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} from orthorhombic to rhombohedral occurred when Mn{sup 2+} ions were doped. • The phosphors exhibited tunable multi-color luminescence. • The quantum yield of 0.05Eu{sup 2+}: Ca{sub 2.95}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} phosphor can reach 56.7%. • The analyses of phosphors were carried out by many measurements. - Abstract: Intense blue-green-emitting Eu{sup 2+}: Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} and tunable multicolor-emitting Eu{sup 2+}/Mn{sup 2+}: Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} phosphors are prepared via a solid-state reaction route. Eu{sup 2+}-doped orthorhombic Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} phosphor exhibits a broad emission bandmore » in the wavelength range of 400–700 nm with a maximum quantum yield of 56.7%, and the emission peak red-shifts gradually from 479 to 520 nm with increase of Eu{sup 2+} doping content. Broad excitation spectrum (250–420 nm) of Eu{sup 2+}: Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} matches well with the near-ultraviolet LED chip, indicating its potential applications as tri-color phosphors in white LEDs. Interestingly, Mn{sup 2+} co-doping into Eu{sup 2+}: Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} leads to its phase transition from orthorhombic to rhombohedral, and subsequently generates tunable multi-color luminescence from green to red via Eu{sup 2+} → Mn{sup 2+} energy transfer, under 365 nm UV lamp excitation.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ; ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, CAS, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China)
  2. Key Laboratory of Design and Assembly of Functional Nanostructures, CAS, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22341874
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 49; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CALCIUM PHOSPHATES; DOPED MATERIALS; EUROPIUM IONS; EXCITATION; LUMINESCENCE; MANGANESE IONS; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; PEAKS; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; PHOSPHORS; SOLIDS; SPECTRA; SYNTHESIS; TRIGONAL LATTICES; WAVELENGTHS