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Title: Statistical studies based on simultaneous SiO and H{sub 2}O maser surveys toward evolved stars

Based on the simultaneous observational results of SiO and H{sub 2}O masers toward 401 evolved stars, we have performed statistical analyses. We find that the peak and integrated intensities of SiO masers are stronger than those of H{sub 2}O masers in both Mira variables and OH/IR stars at most optical phases. However, the relative intensity ratios of H{sub 2}O to SiO masers in OH/IR stars are larger than those in Mira variables. Moreover, the intensity ratios of H{sub 2}O to SiO masers are found to be increased around the optical phases from 0-0.4. The H{sub 2}O photon luminosities also tend to be more dependent on the optical phase compared with those of SiO masers. These facts suggest that H{sub 2}O masers are more sensitive to expanding the motion of circumstellar envelopes and also shock waves arising from the pulsations of the central star compared with SiO masers. This result may also be related to the differences in the maser location and pumping mechanism between H{sub 2}O and SiO masers. The full width at zero power of SiO masers in Mira variables shows similar values to those of OH/IR stars, while those of H{sub 2}O masers in OH/IR stars show largermore » values than those of Mira variables. These differences may originate from the different mass-loss rates and the different location of the two masers. The mean velocity shift of SiO and H{sub 2}O masers with respect to the stellar velocity was investigated as a function of optical phase. The velocity shift of the H{sub 2}O masers shows that the redshifted emission dominates during the phases from 0.3-0.6, while the blueshifted emission appears at phase 0.6 and coexists with the redshifted emission during other phases. These features show an associated pattern with the CO ΔV = 3 radial velocity curve, which exhibits a typical pulsation motion. On the other hand, the velocity shift of the SiO v = 2 maser shows slightly similar features to the H{sub 2}O maser, while that of SiO v = 1 does not show these similar features. Finally, the distributions of all 401 observed sources are investigated in the IRAS two-color diagram in relation to the late evolutionary processes of asymptotic giant branch stars.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Advanced Astronomy and Space Science Division, Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, 776, Daedeokdae-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of)
  2. Department of Astronomy and Space Science, Kyung Hee University, Seocheon-Dong, Giheung-Gu, Yongin, Gyeonggi-Do 446-701 (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22340036
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astronomical Journal (New York, N.Y. Online); Journal Volume: 147; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASYMPTOTIC SOLUTIONS; CARBON MONOXIDE; COLOR; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DATA; DISTRIBUTION; EMISSION; LUMINOSITY; MASERS; MASS TRANSFER; PHOTONS; PULSATIONS; RADIAL VELOCITY; RED SHIFT; SHOCK WAVES; SILICON OXIDES; STARS; STELLAR WINDS; WATER