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Title: SU-E-J-46: Development of a Compton Camera Prototype for Online Range Verification of Laser-Accelerated Proton Beams

Purpose: Development of a photon detection system designed for online range verification of laser-accelerated proton beams via prompt-gamma imaging of nuclear reactions. Methods: We develop a Compton camera for the position-sensitive detection of prompt photons emitted from nuclear reactions between the proton beam and biological samples. The detector is designed to be capable to reconstruct the photon source origin not only from the Compton scattering kinematics of the primary photon, but also to allow for tracking of the Compton-scattered electrons. Results: Simulation studies resulted in the design of the Compton camera based on a LaBr{sub 3}(Ce) scintillation crystal acting as absorber, preceded by a stacked array of 6 double-sided silicon strip detectors as scatterers. From the design simulations, an angular resolution of ≤ 2° and an image reconstruction efficiency of 10{sup −3} −10{sup −5} (at 2–6 MeV) can be expected. The LaBr{sub 3} crystal has been characterized with calibration sources, resulting in a time resolution of 273 ps (FWHM) and an energy resolution of about 3.8% (FWHM). Using a collimated (1 mm diameter) {sup 137}Cs calibration source, the light distribution was measured for each of 64 pixels (6×6 mm{sup 2}). Data were also taken with 0.5 mm collimation and 0.5more » mm step size to generate a reference library of light distributions that allows for reconstructing the interaction position of the initial photon using a k-nearest neighbor (k-NN) algorithm developed by the Delft group. Conclusion: The Compton-camera approach for prompt-gamma detection offers promising perspectives for ion beam range verification. A Compton camera prototype is presently being developed and characterized in Garching. Furthermore, an arrangement of, e.g., 4 camera modules could even be used in a ‘gamma-PET’ mode to detect delayed annihilation radiation from positron emitters in the irradiation interrupts (with improved performance in the presence of an additional third (prompt) photon (as in 10C and 14O). This work was supported by the DFG Cluster of Excellence MAP (Munich-Centre for Advanced Photonics)« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ; ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [4] ; ;  [5]
  1. Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Garching (Germany)
  2. (Saudi Arabia)
  3. Technical University Munich, Garching (Germany)
  4. (Portugal)
  5. Delft University of Technology (Netherlands)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22325208
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 41; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2014 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ALGORITHMS; ANNIHILATION; CALIBRATION; CESIUM 137; COMPTON EFFECT; CRYSTALS; ENERGY RESOLUTION; GAMMA DETECTION; ION BEAMS; IRRADIATION; LASERS; MEV RANGE; OXYGEN 14; PHOTONS; POSITRONS; PROTON BEAMS; SILICON; SIMULATION; TIME RESOLUTION