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Title: Plane shear flows of frictionless spheres: Kinetic theory and 3D soft-sphere discrete element method simulations

We use existing 3D Discrete Element simulations of simple shear flows of spheres to evaluate the radial distribution function at contact that enables kinetic theory to correctly predict the pressure and the shear stress, for different values of the collisional coefficient of restitution. Then, we perform 3D Discrete Element simulations of plane flows of frictionless, inelastic spheres, sheared between walls made bumpy by gluing particles in a regular array, at fixed average volume fraction and distance between the walls. The results of the numerical simulations are used to derive boundary conditions appropriated in the cases of large and small bumpiness. Those boundary conditions are, then, employed to numerically integrate the differential equations of Extended Kinetic Theory, where the breaking of the molecular chaos assumption at volume fraction larger than 0.49 is taken into account in the expression of the dissipation rate. We show that the Extended Kinetic Theory is in very good agreement with the numerical simulations, even for coefficients of restitution as low as 0.50. When the bumpiness is increased, we observe that some of the flowing particles are stuck in the gaps between the wall spheres. As a consequence, the walls are more dissipative than expected, and themore » flows resemble simple shear flows, i.e., flows of rather constant volume fraction and granular temperature.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milan 20133 (Italy)
  2. LUNAM Université, IFSTTAR, site de Nantes, GPEM/MAST, route de Bouaye CS 4, 44344 Bouguenais (France)
  3. Department of Physics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22311309
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Fluids (1994); Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; BOUNDARY CONDITIONS; CHAOS THEORY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS; DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS; SHEAR; SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION; SPHERES; STRESSES; WALLS