skip to main content

Title: Microstructural study and densification analysis of hot work tool steel matrix composites reinforced with TiB{sub 2} particles

Hot work tool steels are characterized by good toughness and high hot hardness but are less wear resistant than other tooling materials, such as high speed steel. Metal matrix composites show improved tribological behavior, but not much work has been done in the field of hot work tool steels. In this paper TiB{sub 2}-reinforced hot work tool steel matrix composites were produced by spark plasma sintering (SPS). Mechanical alloying (MA) was proposed as a suited process to improve the composite microstructure. Density measurements and microstructure confirmed that MA promotes sintering and produces a fine and homogeneous dispersion of reinforcing particles. X-ray diffraction patterns of the sintered composites highlighted the formation of equilibrium Fe{sub 2}B and TiC, as predicted by thermodynamic calculations using Thermo-Calc® software. Scanning electron microscopy as well as scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy highlighted the reaction of the steel matrix with TiB{sub 2} particles, showing the formation of a reaction layer at the TiB{sub 2}-steel interface. Phase investigations pointed out that TiB{sub 2} is not chemically stable in steel matrix because of the presence of carbon even during short time SPS. - Highlights: • TiB{sub 2} reinforced steel matrix composites were produced by spark plasma sintering. • TiB{submore » 2} was successfully dispersed in the steel matrix by mechanical alloying. • Steel and TiB{sub 2} react during sintering forming equilibrium Fe{sub 2}B and TiC. • The new phases were investigated by means of AFM, Volta potential and XRD analyses.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Trento, Via Mesiano 77, 38123 Trento (Italy)
  2. K4Sint, Start-up of the University of Trento, Viale Dante 300, 38057 Pergine Valsugana (Italy)
  3. Department of Chemistry, Physics and Environment, University of Udine, Via Cotonificio 108, 33100 Udine (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22288690
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 86; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY; HARDNESS; IRON BORIDES; MICROSTRUCTURE; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SINTERING; STEELS; TITANIUM BORIDES; TITANIUM CARBIDES; TOOLS; WEAR RESISTANCE; X-RAY DIFFRACTION