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Title: Color tuning of light-emitting-diodes by modulating the concentration of red-emitting silicon nanocrystal phosphors

Luminescent forms of nanostructured silicon have received significant attention in the context of quantum-confined light-emitting devices thanks to size-tunable emission wavelength and high-intensity photoluminescence, as well as natural abundance, low cost, and non-toxicity. Here, we show that red-emitting silicon nanocrystal (SiN) phosphors, obtained by electrochemical erosion of silicon, allow for effectively tuning the color of commercial light-emitting-diodes (LEDs) from blue to violet, magenta, and red, by coating the LED with polydimethylsiloxane encapsulating different SiN concentrations. High reliability of the tuning process, with respect to SiN fabrication and concentration, and excellent stability of the tuning color, with respect to LED bias current, is demonstrated through simultaneous electrical/optical characterization of SiN-modified commercial LEDs, thus envisaging exciting perspectives for silicon nanocrystals in the field of light-emitting applications.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Informazione, Università di Pisa, via G. Caruso 16, 56122 Pisa (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22283089
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 104; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; COLOR; CONCENTRATION RATIO; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; EROSION; FABRICATION; LIGHT EMITTING DIODES; NANOSTRUCTURES; PHASE STABILITY; PHOSPHORS; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; RELIABILITY; SILICON