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Title: Structure analysis of a Mn-doped willemite-type compound, H{sub 0.12}(Zn{sub 1.89(3)}Mn{sub 0.05(1)}□{sub 0.06})Si{sub 1.00(1)}O{sub 4}

Large single crystals of a well-known green phosphor, Mn-doped willemite (α-Zn{sub 2}SiO{sub 4})-type compound were grown from molten MnF{sub 2}/Li{sub 2}MoO{sub 4}. In this structure Mn{sup 2+} and defects partially replace Zn{sup 2+} at two independent sites, and there are no cation species in the middle of six-membered ring channels. As a consequence of 3% defective sites (□), this structure may have protons for ensuring its electrostatic neutrality. Although the position of H{sup +} could not be clearly found the present study indicates the presence of protons in the vicinity of oxygens to make relative short H⋯O bonds below 1.6 Å. Two unusual, broad IR bands about 1780 and 2360 cm{sup −1} can be explained by disordering of strongly bonded O···H groups. This compound represents a structural unit, H{sub 0.12}(Zn{sub 1.89(3)}Mn{sub 0.05(1)}□{sub 0.06})Si{sub 1.00(1)}O{sub 4}, based on X-ray single crystal diffraction, electron microprobe, and FT-IR spectroscopy. - Graphical abstract: A willemite-type compound, H{sub 0.12}(Zn{sub 1.89(3)}Mn{sub 0.05(1)}□{sub 0.06})Si{sub 1.00(1)}O{sub 4} exhibits protons near to oxygens in the skirt of four- and six-membered ring channels, as a result of defects at two crystallographically different Zn sites. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Structure properties of a 0.05 Mn-doped α-Zn{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} compound usingmore » X-ray single crystal diffraction. • Static disorder of Zn, Mn, and defects in the framework of α-Zn{sub 2}SiO{sub 4}. • Sign of strong H⋯O bonds, observed in FT-IR spectroscopy.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ; ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Section Crystallography, Department for Earth and Environmental Sciences, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich (Germany)
  2. (FRM II), Technische Universität München, Garching (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22274207
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 210; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; DEFECTS; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTRON MICROPROBE ANALYSIS; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; INFRARED SPECTRA; MANGANESE FLUORIDES; MANGANESE IONS; MONOCRYSTALS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZINC IONS; ZINC SILICATES