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Title: Electron density distribution and crystal structure of 27R-AlON, Al{sub 9}O{sub 3}N{sub 7}

The crystal structure of Al{sub 9}O{sub 3}N{sub 7} was characterized by laboratory X-ray powder diffraction (CuKα{sub 1}). The title compound is trigonal with space group R3-bar m (centrosymmetric). The hexagonal unit-cell dimensions (Z=3) are a=0.30656(2) nm, c=7.2008(3) nm and V=0.58605(5) nm{sup 3}. The initial structural model was derived by the powder charge-flipping method and subsequently refined by the Rietveld method. The final structural model showed the positional disordering of two of the five types of Al sites. The maximum-entropy method-based pattern fitting method was used to confirm the validity of the split-atom model, in which conventional structure bias caused by assuming intensity partitioning was minimized. The disordered crystal structure was successfully described by overlapping five types of domains with ordered atom arrangements. The distribution of atomic positions in one of the five types of domains can be achieved in the space group R3{sup ¯}m. The atom arrangements in the four other domains are noncentrosymmetric with the space group R3m. Two of the four types of domains are related by a pseudo-symmetry inversion, and the two remaining domains also have each other the inversion pseudo-symmetry. The very similar domain structure has been also reported for 21R-AlON (Al{sub 7}O{sub 3}N{sub 5}) inmore » our previous study. - Graphical abstract: A bird’s eye view of electron densities up to 50% (0.074 nm{sup −3}) of the maximum on the plane parallel to (110) with the corresponding atomic arrangements of Al{sub 9}O{sub 3}N{sub 7}. Highlights: • Crystal structure of Al{sub 9}O{sub 3}N{sub 7} is determined by laboratory X-ray powder diffraction. • The atom arrangements are represented by the split-atom model. • The maximum-entropy method-based pattern fitting method is used to confirm the validity of the model. • The disordered structure is described by overlapping five types of domains with ordered atom arrangements.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Nagoya 466-8555 (Japan)
  2. Nano Ceramics Center, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22274014
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 204; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; DISTRIBUTION; DOMAIN STRUCTURE; ELECTRON DENSITY; ENTROPY; LATTICE PARAMETERS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POWDERS; SPACE GROUPS; STRUCTURAL MODELS; TRIGONAL LATTICES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION