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Title: GRAND MINIMA AND NORTH-SOUTH ASYMMETRY OF SOLAR ACTIVITY

A solar-type dynamo model in a spherical shell is developed with allowance for random dependence of the poloidal field generation mechanism on time and latitude. The model shows repeatable epochs of a strongly decreased amplitude of magnetic cycles similar to the Maunder minimum of solar activity. Random dependence of dynamo parameters on latitude breaks the equatorial symmetry of generated fields. The model shows the correlation of the occurrence of grand minima with deviations in the dynamo field from dipolar parity. An increased north-south asymmetry of magnetic activity can, therefore, be an indicator of transitions to grand minima. Qualitative interpretation of this correlation is suggested. Statistics of grand minima in the model are close to the Poisson random process, indicating that the onset of a grand minimum is statistically independent of preceding minima.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Institute for Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Lermontov Str. 126A, Irkutsk 664033 (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22270640
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 777; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; CORRELATIONS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; NORTH-SOUTH ASYMMETRY; RANDOMNESS; SOLAR ACTIVITY; SPHERICAL CONFIGURATION; SUN; SYMMETRY