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Title: Constrained, aqueous growth of three-dimensional single crystalline zinc oxide structures

We study low temperature (90 °C) aqueous growth of single crystal zinc oxide structures through patterned PMMA molds of different sizes, shapes, and orientations. We demonstrate the ability to create 3D shapes with smooth vertical sidewalls. Although the unconstrained growth is influenced by the hexagonal geometry of the underlying crystal structure, the ZnO is shown to conform exactly to any shape patterned. Using electron backscatter diffraction and scanning electron microscopy we show that the mold orientation, in conjunction with control of the growth rates of the c and m planes of the ZnO, is crucial in determining the final structure shape.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22269565
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: APL Materials; Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2014 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CONTROL; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; DIFFRACTION; MONOCRYSTALS; PMMA; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; ZINC OXIDES