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Title: Coupling fuel cycles with repositories: how repository institutional choices may impact fuel cycle design

The historical repository siting strategy in the United States has been a top-down approach driven by federal government decision making but it has been a failure. This policy has led to dispatching fuel cycle facilities in different states. The U.S. government is now considering an alternative repository siting strategy based on voluntary agreements with state governments. If that occurs, state governments become key decision makers. They have different priorities. Those priorities may change the characteristics of the repository and the fuel cycle. State government priorities, when considering hosting a repository, are safety, financial incentives and jobs. It follows that states will demand that a repository be the center of the back end of the fuel cycle as a condition of hosting it. For example, states will push for collocation of transportation services, safeguards training, and navy/private SNF (Spent Nuclear Fuel) inspection at the repository site. Such activities would more than double local employment relative to what was planned for the Yucca Mountain-type repository. States may demand (1) the right to take future title of the SNF so if recycle became economic the reprocessing plant would be built at the repository site and (2) the right of a certain fraction ofmore » the repository capacity for foreign SNF. That would open the future option of leasing of fuel to foreign utilities with disposal of the SNF in the repository but with the state-government condition that the front-end fuel-cycle enrichment and fuel fabrication facilities be located in that state.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave., Room 24-207A Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)
  2. Texas A.M. University System, MS 3133 College Station, TX 77843-3133 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22264142
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: GLOBAL 2013: International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference - Nuclear Energy at a Crossroads, Salt Lake City, UT (United States), 29 Sep - 3 Oct 2013; Other Information: Country of input: France; 14 refs.; Related Information: In: Proceedings of GLOBAL 2013: International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference - Nuclear Energy at a Crossroads| 1633 p.
Publisher:
American Nuclear Society - ANS; La Grange Park (United States)
Research Org:
American Nuclear Society, 555 North Kensington Avenue, La Grange Park, IL 60526 (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; COUPLING; DECISION MAKING; DOMESTIC SAFEGUARDS; ENRICHMENT; FABRICATION; FAILURES; FUEL CYCLE; FUEL REPROCESSING PLANTS; IAEA SAFEGUARDS; INSPECTION; NUCLEAR FUELS; RADIATION PROTECTION; SPENT FUELS; STATE GOVERNMENT; YUCCA MOUNTAIN