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Title: Concentration fluctuations in miscible polymer blends: Influence of temperature and chain rigidity

In contrast to binary mixtures of small molecule fluids, homogeneous polymer blends exhibit relatively large concentration fluctuations that can strongly affect the transport properties of these complex fluids over wide ranges of temperatures and compositions. The spatial scale and intensity of these compositional fluctuations are studied by applying Kirkwood-Buff theory to model blends of linear semiflexible polymer chains with upper critical solution temperatures. The requisite quantities for determining the Kirkwood-Buff integrals are generated from the lattice cluster theory for the thermodynamics of the blend and from the generalization of the random phase approximation to compressible polymer mixtures. We explore how the scale and intensity of composition fluctuations in binary blends vary with the reduced temperature τ ≡ (T − T{sub c})/T (where T{sub c} is the critical temperature) and with the asymmetry in the rigidities of the components. Knowledge of these variations is crucial for understanding the dynamics of materials fabricated from polymer blends, and evidence supporting these expectations is briefly discussed.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. The James Franck Institute and the Department of Chemistry, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)
  2. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22254874
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 140; Journal Issue: 19; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; BINARY MIXTURES; CRITICAL TEMPERATURE; FLUCTUATIONS; FLUIDS; POLYMERS; RANDOM PHASE APPROXIMATION; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; THERMODYNAMICS