skip to main content

Title: Coupling of ion temperature gradient and trapped electron modes in the presence of impurities in tokamak plasmas

The coupling of ion temperature gradient (ITG or η{sub i}) mode and trapped electron mode (TEM) in the presence of impurity ions is numerically investigated in toroidal collisionless plasmas, using the gyrokinetic integral eigenmode equation. A framework for excitations of the ITG modes and TEMs with respect to their driving sources is formulated first, and then the roles of impurity ions played in are analyzed comprehensively. In particular, the characteristics of the ITG and TEM instabilities in the presence of impurity ions are emphasized for both strong and weak coupling (hybrid and coexistent) cases. It is found that the impurity ions with inwardly (outwardly) peaked density profiles have stabilizing (destabilizing) effects on the hybrid (namely the TE-ITG) modes in consistence with previous works. A new finding of this work is that the impurity ions have stabilizing effects on TEMs in small η{sub i} (η{sub i}≤1) regime regardless of peaking directions of their density profiles whereas the impurity ions with density gradient L{sub ez}=L{sub ne}/L{sub nz}>1 (L{sub ez}<1) destabilize (stabilize) the TEMs in large η{sub i} (η{sub i}≥1) regime. In addition, the dependences of the growth rate, real frequency, eigenmode structure, and wave spectrum on charge concentration, charge number, and massmore » of impurity ions are analyzed in detail. The necessity for taking impurity ion effects on the features of turbulence into account in future transport experimental data analyses is also discussed.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. MOE Key Laboratory of Materials Modification by Beams, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)
  2. Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)
  3. (China)
  4. School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22252946
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; COLLISIONLESS PLASMA; INSTABILITY; IONS; PLASMA IMPURITIES; TEMPERATURE GRADIENTS; TOKAMAK DEVICES; TRAPPED ELECTRONS