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Title: X-ray and neutron diffraction study of the defect crystal structure of the as-grown nonstoichiometric phase Y{sub 0.715}Ca{sub 0.285}F{sub 2.715}

This work begins a series of papers aimed at studying the defect structure of nonstoichiometric phases R{sub 1-y}Ca{sub y}F{sub 3-y} with a tysonite-type (LaF{sub 3}) structure. In the single-crystal structure of Y{sub 0.715}Ca{sub 0.285}F{sub 2.715} with a tysonite-type small unit cell (sp. gr. P6{sub 3}/mmc, a = 3.9095(2) A, c = 6.9829(2) A; Z = 2; R{sub w} = 2.16%), the displacements of Y{sup 3+} cations and F{sup 2-} anions from 6{sub 3} symmetry axes were observed for the first time. The X-ray diffraction pattern shows weak satellites insufficient for structural calculations. The LaF{sub 3} structure type is stabilized up and down on the temperature scale due to anion vacancies and the symmetrizing effect of Ca{sup 2+} cations lying on 6{sub 3} symmetry axes. At 120 Degree-Sign C the fluoride-ion conductivity in the nonstoichiometric phase Y{sub 0.715}Ca{sub 0.285}F{sub 2.715} is five orders of magnitude higher than that in the stoichiometric phase {beta}-YF{sub 3}. The transition to a superionic state is caused by a deviation from stoichiometry and is not associated with reconstructive phase transformation.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22121692
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Crystallography Reports; Journal Volume: 58; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.; http://www.springer-ny.com; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANIONS; CALCIUM FLUORIDES; CALCIUM IONS; CATIONS; HCP LATTICES; LANTHANUM FLUORIDES; MONOCRYSTALS; NEUTRON DIFFRACTION; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; STOICHIOMETRY; SYMMETRY; VACANCIES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; YTTRIUM FLUORIDES; YTTRIUM IONS