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Title: Radiocesium Discharges and Subsequent Environmental Transport at the Major U.S. Weapons Production Facilities

Radiocesium is one of the more prevalent radionuclides in the environment as a result of weapons production related atomic projects in the United States and the former Soviet Union. Radiocesium discharges during the 1950's account for a large fraction of the historical releases from U.S. weapons production facilities. Releases of radiocesium to terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems during the early ,years of nuclear weapons production provided the opportunity to conduct multidisciplinary studies on the transport mechanisms of this potentially hazardous radionuclide. The major U.S. Department of Energy facilities (Oak Ridge Reservation in Tennessee, Hanford Site near Richland, Washington, and Savannah River Site near Aiken, South Carolina) are located in regions of the country that have different geographical characteristics. The facility siting provided diverse backgrounds for the development of an understanding of environmental factors contributing to the fate and transport of radiocesium. In this paper, we summarize the significant environmental releases of radiocesium in the early -years of weapons production and then discuss the historically significant transport mechanisms for r37Cs at the three facilities that were part of the U.S. nuclear weapons complex.
Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
14626
Report Number(s):
ORNL/CP-104996
TRN: AH200129%%422
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-96OR22464
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Conference title not supplied, Conference location not supplied, Conference dates not supplied; Other Information: PBD: 14 Nov 1999
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (US)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS; ENERGY FACILITIES; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; NUCLEAR WEAPONS; PRODUCTION; RADIOISOTOPES; SAVANNAH RIVER PLANT; TRANSPORT RADIOCESIUM