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Title: Anisotropy: Spin order and magnetization of single-crystalline Cu4(OH)6FBr barlowite

Despite decades-long fascination, the difficulty of maintaining high lattice symmetry in frustrated nonbipartite S = 1/2 materials that can also be made into high-quality single crystals has been a persistent challenge. Here we report magnetization studies of a single-crystal sample of barlowite, Cu-4(OH)6FBr, which has a geometrically perfect kagome motif. At T ≤ 4.2 K and 35 ≤ mu H-0 ≤ 65 T, the interlayer spins are fully polarized, and the kagome-intrinsic magnetization is consistent with a Heisenberg model having J/kB = -180 K. Several field-driven anomalies are observed, having varied scalings with temperature. At an applied field, kagome disorder caused by the interlayer spins is smaller than that in herbertsmithite. At T ≤ 15 K, the bulk magnetic moment comes from the interlayer spins. An almost coplanar spin order suggests that the magnitude of in-plane Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction is smaller than 0.006(6) J. On the other hand, the possibility of a spin-liquid state in the kagome lattice coexisting with ordered interlayer spins is left open.
Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1320837
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review B; Journal Volume: 93; Journal Issue: 21
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science - Office of Basic Energy Sciences - Materials Sciences and Engineering Division; National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE STATE; ANTIFERROMAGNET; LATTICE; LIQUID