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Title: Pairing-induced speedup of nuclear spontaneous fission

Collective inertia is strongly influenced at the level crossing at which the quantum system changes its microscopic configuration diabatically. Pairing correlations tend to make the large-amplitude nuclear collective motion more adiabatic by reducing the effect of these configuration changes. Competition between pairing and level crossing is thus expected to have a profound impact on spontaneous fission lifetimes. To elucidate the role of nucleonic pairing on spontaneous fission, we study the dynamic fission trajectories of 264Fm and 240Pu using the state-of-the-art self-consistent framework. We employ the superfluid nuclear density functional theory with the Skyrme energy density functional SkM* and a density-dependent pairing interaction. Along with shape variables, proton and neutron pairing correlations are taken as collective coordinates. The collective inertia tensor is calculated within the nonperturbative cranking approximation. The fission paths are obtained by using the least action principle in a four-dimensional collective space of shape and pairing coordinates. Pairing correlations are enhanced along the minimum-action fission path. For the symmetric fission of 264Fm, where the effect of triaxiality on the fission barrier is large, the geometry of the fission pathway in the space of the shape degrees of freedom is weakly impacted by pairing. This is not the case formore » 240Pu, where pairing fluctuations restore the axial symmetry of the dynamic fission trajectory. The minimum-action fission path is strongly impacted by nucleonic pairing. In some cases, the dynamical coupling between shape and pairing degrees of freedom can lead to a dramatic departure from the static picture. As a result, in the dynamical description of nuclear fission, particle-particle correlations should be considered on the same footing as those associated with shape degrees of freedom.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, Kolkata (India)
  2. Univ. of Warsaw, Warsaw (Poland); Univ. of Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla (Finland); Joint Institute of Nuclear Physics and Applications, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Warsaw, Warsaw (Poland)
  4. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  5. Univ. of M. Curie-Sktodowska, Lublin (Poland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
NA0002574; FG02-96ER40963; SC0008499; FG52-09NA29461
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. C, Nuclear Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 90; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0556-2813
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States