skip to main content

Title: Structure and dynamics of GeoCyp: a thermophilic cyclophilin with a novel substrate binding mechanism that functions efficiently at low temperatures

Thermophilic proteins have found extensive use in research and industrial applications due to their high stability and functionality at elevated temperatures while simultaneously providing valuable insight into our understanding of protein folding, stability, dynamics, and function. Cyclophilins, a ubiquitously expressed family of peptidyl-prolyl isomerases with a range of biological functions and disease associations, have been utilized both for conferring stress tolerances and in exploring the link between conformational dynamics and enzymatic function. To date, however, no active thermophilic cyclophilin has been fully biophysically characterized. Here, we determine the structure of a thermophilic cyclophilin (GeoCyp) from Geobacillus kaustophilus, characterize its dynamic motions over several timescales using an array of methodologies that include chemical shift-based methods and relaxation experiments over a range of temperatures, and measure catalytic activity over a range of temperatures in order to compare structure, dynamics, and function to a mesophilic counterpart, human Cyclophilin A (CypA). Unlike most thermophile/mesophile pairs, GeoCyp catalysis is not substantially impaired at low temperatures as compared to CypA, retaining ~70% of the activity of its mesophilic counterpart. Examination of substrate-bound ensembles reveals a mechanism by which the two cyclophilins may have adapted to their environments through altering dynamic loop motions and a critical residuemore » that acts as a clamp to regulate substrate binding differentially in CypA and GeoCyp. Despite subtle differences in conformational movements, dynamics over fast (ps-ns) and slow (μs) timescales are largely conserved between the two proteins.« less
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
48617; KP1704020
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Biochemistry, 54(20):3207-3217
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory