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Title: New Particle Formation and Growth in an Isoprene-Dominated Ozark Forest: From Sub-5 nm to CCN-Active Sizes

Particle Investigations at a Northern Ozarks Tower: NOx, Oxidant, Isoprene Research (PINOT-NOIR) were conducted in a Missouri forest dominated by isoprene emissions, from May to October 2012. This study presents results of new particle formation (NPF) and the growth of new particles to cloud condensation nuclei (CCN)-active sizes (~100 nm) observed from this field campaign. The measured sub-5 nm particles were up to ~20000 cm-3 during a typical NPF event. Nucleation rates J1 were relatively high (11.0±10.6 cm-3s-1), and one order of magnitude higher than formation rates of 5 nm particles (J5). Sub-5 nm particle events were observed on 64% of the measurement days, with a high preference in biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs)- and SO2-poor northwesterly (90%) air masses than in BVOCs-rich southerly air masses (13%). About 80% of sub-5 nm particle events led to the further growth. While high temperatures and high aerosol loadings in the southerly air masses were not favorable for nucleation, high BVOCs in the southerly air masses facilitated the growth of new particles to CCN-active sizes. In overall, 0.4-9.4% of the sub-5 nm particles grew to CCN-active sizes within a NPF event. During a regional NPF event period that took place consecutively over severalmore » days, concentrations of CCN size particles increased by a factor of 5 in average. This enhanced production of CCN particles from new particles was commonly observed during all 13 regional NPF events observed during the campaign.« less
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Resource Type:
Journal Article
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Journal Name: Aerosol Science and Technology, 48(12):1285-1298
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
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Country of Publication:
United States
new particle formation; nucleation; cloud condensation nuclei, isoprene, BVOC