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Title: Development of fine-resolution analyses and expanded large-scale forcing properties. Part I: Methodology and evaluation

We produce fine-resolution, three-dimensional fields of meteorological and other variables for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains site. The Community Gridpoint Statistical Interpolation system is implemented in a multiscale data assimilation (MS-DA) framework that is used within the Weather Research and Forecasting model at a cloud-resolving resolution of 2 km. The MS-DA algorithm uses existing reanalysis products and constrains fine-scale atmospheric properties by assimilating high-resolution observations. A set of experiments show that the data assimilation analysis realistically reproduces the intensity, structure, and time evolution of clouds and precipitation associated with a mesoscale convective system. Evaluations also show that the large-scale forcing derived from the fine-resolution analysis has an overall accuracy comparable to the existing ARM operational product. For enhanced applications, the fine-resolution fields are used to characterize the contribution of subgrid variability to the large-scale forcing and to derive hydrometeor forcing, which are presented in companion papers.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [4] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States); Univ. of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. Univ. of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA (United States); California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  4. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X; R&D Project: 2016-BNL-EE630EECA-Budg; KP1701000
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X
American Geophysical Union
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States