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Title: Role of Delamination in Zeolite-Catalyzed Aromatic Alkylation: UCB-3 versus 3-D Al-SSZ-70

Delaminated zeolite UCB-3 exhibits 2.4-fold greater catalytic activity relative to its three-dimensional (3D) zeolite counterpart, Al-SSZ-70, and 2.0-fold greater activity (per catalyst mass) when compared with industrial catalyst MCM-22, for the alkylation of toluene with propylene at 523 K. The former increase is nearly equal to the observed relative increase in external surface area and acid sites upon delamination. However, at 423 K for the same reaction, UCB-3 exhibits a 3.5-fold greater catalytic activity relative to 3D Al-SSZ-70. The higher relative rate enhancement for the delaminated material at lower temperature can be elucidated on the basis of increased contributions from internal acid sites. Evidence of possible contributions from such acid sites is obtained by performing catalysis after silanation treatment, which demonstrates that although virtually all catalysis in MCM-22 occurs on the external surface, catalysis also occurs on internal sites for 3D Al-SSZ-70. The additional observed enhancement at low temperatures can therefore be rationalized by greater access to internal active sites as a result of sheet breakage during delamination. Such breakage leads to shorter characteristic internal diffusion paths and was visualized using TEM comparisons of UCB-3 and 3D Al-SSZ-70.
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Journal Article
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Journal Name: ACS Catalysis, 4(7):2364-2368
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
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Country of Publication:
United States
delamination; exfoliation; layered zeolite precursor; SSZ-70; MCM-22; aromatic alkylation; cymene; cumene