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Title: The interaction of 193 nm excimer laser radiation with single-crystal zinc oxide: generation of long lived highly excited particles with evidence of Zn Rydberg formation

We observe intense Zn ion and atom emissions when single-crystal ZnO is exposed to 193-nm excimer laser radiation at fluences below the threshold for optical breakdown. Zn+ and ground state Zn are readily identified by mass-selected, time-of-flight techniques using a quadrupole mass spectrometer. Particles are also detected with Channeltron electron multipliers that cannot be mass selected. We provide evidence that these particles correspond to high lying Rydberg states of atomic Zn produced by a resonance excitation involving two laser photons.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Washington State University, Pullman
  2. ORNL
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 8
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)
Sponsoring Org:
SC USDOE - Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
193 nm excimer laser radiation; Zn Rydberg; single-crystal ZnO