Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (Fact Sheet)
Initiated in 2007 to examine the operational impact of up to 35% penetration of wind, photovoltaic (PV), and concentrating solar power (CSP) energy on the electric power system, the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) is one of the largest regional wind and solar integration studies to date. The goal is to understand the effects of variability and uncertainty of wind, PV, and CSP on the grid. In the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 1, solar penetration was limited to 5%. Utility-scale PV was not included because of limited capability to model sub-hourly, utility-scale PV output . New techniques allow the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 to include high penetrations of solar - not only CSP and rooftop PV but also utility-scale PV plants.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Report Number(s):
- DOE Contract Number:
- Resource Type:
- Technical Report
- Resource Relation:
- Related Information: NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)
- Research Org:
- National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO.
- Sponsoring Org:
- USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Solar Energy Technologies Program
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 14 SOLAR ENERGY; 17 WIND ENERGY WIND; PHOTOVOLTAIC; CONCENTRATING SOLAR POWER; RENEWABLES; INTEGRATION; NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY; NREL; Wind Energy; Solar Energy - General; Electricity, Resources, and Buildings Systems
Enter terms in the toolbar above to search the full text of this document for pages containing specific keywords.