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Title: CHAPTER: In-Situ Characterization of Stimulating Microelectrode Arrays: Study of an Idealized Structure Based on Argus II Retinal implantsBOOK TITLE: Implantable Neural Prostheses 2: Techniques and Engineering Approaches, D.M. Zhou and E. Greenbaum, Eds., Springer, NY 2009

The development of a retinal prosthesis for artificial sight includes a study of the factors affecting the structural and functional stability of chronically implanted microelectrode arrays. Although neuron depolarization and propagation of electrical signals have been studied for nearly a century, the use of multielectrode stimulation as a proposed therapy to treat blindness is a frontier area of modern ophthalmology research. Mapping and characterizing the topographic information contained in the electric field potentials and understanding how this information is transmitted and interpreted in the visual cortex is still very much a work in progress. In order to characterize the electrical field patterns generated by the device, an in vitro prototype that mimics several of the physical and chemical parameters of the in vivo visual implant device was fabricated. We carried out multiple electrical measurements in a model 'eye,' beginning with a single electrode, followed by a 9-electrode array structure, both idealized components based on the Argus II retinal implants. Correlating the information contained in the topographic features of the electric fields with psychophysical testing in patients may help reduce the time required for patients to convert the electrical patterns into graphic signals.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. ORNL
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1042739
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Book
Publisher:
Springer Science + Business Media LLC, New York, NY, USA
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)
Sponsoring Org:
SC USDOE - Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 42 ENGINEERING; DEPOLARIZATION; ELECTRIC FIELDS; FUNCTIONALS; IN VITRO; IN VIVO; NERVE CELLS; OPHTHALMOLOGY; PATIENTS; STABILITY; STIMULATION; TESTING; THERAPY