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Title: The new geospatial tools: global transparency enhancing safeguards verification

This paper focuses on the importance and potential role of the new, freely available, geospatial tools for enhancing IAEA safeguards and how, together with commercial satellite imagery, they can be used to promote 'all-source synergy'. As additional 'open sources', these new geospatial tools have heralded a new era of 'global transparency' and they can be used to substantially augment existing information-driven safeguards gathering techniques, procedures, and analyses in the remote detection of undeclared facilities, as well as support ongoing monitoring and verification of various treaty (e.g., NPT, FMCT) relevant activities and programs. As an illustration of how these new geospatial tools may be applied, an original exemplar case study provides how it is possible to derive value-added follow-up information on some recent public media reporting of a former clandestine underground plutonium production complex (now being converted to a 'Tourist Attraction' given the site's abandonment by China in the early 1980s). That open source media reporting, when combined with subsequent commentary found in various Internet-based Blogs and Wikis, led to independent verification of the reporting with additional ground truth via 'crowdsourcing' (tourist photos as found on 'social networking' venues like Google Earth's Panoramio layer and Twitter). Confirmation of the precise geospatialmore » location of the site (along with a more complete facility characterization incorporating 3-D Modeling and visualization) was only made possible following the acquisition of higher resolution commercial satellite imagery that could be correlated with the reporting, ground photos, and an interior diagram, through original imagery analysis of the overhead imagery.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Laboratory
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1033580
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-10-06288; LA-UR-10-6288
TRN: US1200582
DOE Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Symposium on International Safeguards: Preparing for Future Verification Challenges ; November 1, 2010 ; Vienna, Austria
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)
Sponsoring Org:
DOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
98 NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, SAFEGUARDS, AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION; CHINA; DETECTION; FMCT; GROUND TRUTH MEASUREMENTS; IAEA SAFEGUARDS; MONITORING; PLUTONIUM; PRODUCTION; RESOLUTION; SAFEGUARDS; SATELLITES; SIMULATION; VERIFICATION