skip to main content

Title: High efficiency shale oil recovery. Final report, January 1, 1992--June 30, 1993

The Adams Counter-current shale oil recovery process is an improved retorting technology enabling highly efficient oil recovery from oil shale. The high efficiency results primarily from the following facts: it (1) recovers the ash heat to preheat the feed ore; (2) burns and uses the coke energy and (3) operates without using hot ash recycling as a heat carrier. This latter feature is doubly important, contributing to high oil yield and to the generation of highly reactive coke which can be burned below 1000{degree}F, avoiding the endothermal calcination of the mineral carbonates and helping to clean the ash of contaminants. This project demonstrates that oil shale can be retorted under the specified conditions and achieve the objectives of very high efficiency. The project accomplished the following: 51 quartz sand rotary kiln runs provided significant engineering data. A heat transfer value of 107 Btu/hr/ft{sup 2}/{degree}F was obtained at optimum RPM; eight oil shale samples were obtained and preliminary shakedown runs were made. Five of the samples were selected for kiln processing and twelve pyrolysis runs were made on the five different oil shales;average off recovery was 109% of Fisher Assay; retorted residue from all five samples was oxidized at approximately 1000{degree}F.more » The ash from these runs was oxidized to varying extents, depending on the oil shale and oxidizing temperatures. While 1000{degree}F is adequately hot to provide process heat from coke combustion for these ores, some Eastern oil shales, without mineral carbonates, may be oxidized at higher temperatures, perhaps 100--300 degrees hotter, to obtain a more complete oxidation and utilization of the coke.« less
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
10181552
Report Number(s):
DOE/CE/15533--T6
ON: DE94000451
DOE Contract Number:
FG01-92CE15533
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 29 Sep 1993
Research Org:
Energy Recovery Technology, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
04 OIL SHALES AND TAR SANDS; OIL SHALES; RETORTING; SHALE OIL; OIL YIELDS; KILNS; HEAT TRANSFER; PROGRESS REPORT; FLOWSHEETS; FISCHER ASSAY; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; PYROLYSIS; ASHES; WASTE HEAT UTILIZATION; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0400-1000 K 040402; SURFACE METHODS