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Author ORCID ID is 0000000339537772
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  1. Here, we report an electrochemical method to deposit atomic scale Pt on a 5 nm Au nanoparticle (NP) surface in N 2-saturated 0.5 M H 2SO 4. Furthermore, Pt is provided by the Pt wire counter electrode via one-step Pt wire oxidation, dissolution, and deposition realized by controlled electrochemical scanning. Scanning from 0.6–1.0 V (vs. RHE) for 10 000 cycles gives Au 98.2Pt 1.8, which serves as an excellent catalyst for the formic acid oxidation reaction, showing 41 times higher specific activity (20.19 mA cm -2) and 25 times higher mass activity (10.80 A mg Pt -1) with much bettermore » CO-tolerance and stability than commercial Pt. This work demonstrates a unique strategy to minimize the use of Pt as a catalyst for electrochemical reactions.« less
  2. We report in this article a detailed study on how to stabilize a first-row transition metal (M) in an intermetallic L1 0-MPt alloy nanoparticle (NP) structure and how to surround the L1 0-MPt with an atomic layer of Pt to enhance the electrocatalysis of Pt for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in fuel cell operation conditions. Using 8 nm FePt NPs as an example, we demonstrate that Fe can be stabilized more efficiently in a core/shell structured L1 0-FePt/Pt with a 5 Å Pt shell. The presence of Fe in the alloy core induces the desired compression of the thin Ptmore » shell, especially the 2 atomic layers of Pt shell, further improving the ORR catalysis. This leads to much enhanced Pt catalysis for ORR in 0.1 M HClO 4 solution (both at room temperature and 60°C) and in the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) at 80°C. The L1 0-FePt/Pt catalyst has a mass activity of 0.7 A/mg Pt from the half-cell ORR test and shows no obvious mass activity loss after 30,000 potential cycles between 0.6 V and 0.95 V at 80°C in the MEA, meeting the DOE 2020 target (<40% loss in mass activity). Here, we are extending the concept and preparing other L1 0-MPt/Pt NPs, such as L1 0-CoPt/Pt NPs, with reduced NP size as a highly efficient ORR catalyst for automotive fuel cell applications.« less
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  3. Stabilizing a 3d-transition metal component M from an MPd alloy structure in an acidic environment is key to the enhancement of MPd catalysis for various reactions. Here we show a strategy to stabilize Cu in 5 nm CuPd nanoparticles (NPs) by coupling the CuPd NPs with perovskite-type WO 2.72 nanorods (NRs). The CuPd NPs are prepared by controlled diffusion of Cu into Pd NPs and the coupled CuPd/WO 2.72 are synthesized by growing WO 2.72 NRs in the presence of CuPd NPs. The CuPd/WO 2.72 can stabilize Cu in 0.1 M HClO4 solution and, as a result, they show Cu,more » Pd composition dependent activity for the electrochemical oxidation of formic acid in 0.1 M HClO 4 + 0.1 M HCOOH. Among three different CuPd/WO 2.72 studied, the Cu 48Pd 52/WO 2.72 is the most efficient catalyst with its mass activity reaching 2086 mA/mgPd in a broad potential range of 0.40 to 0.80 V (vs. RHE) and staying at this value after the 12 h chronoamperometry test at 0.40 V. The synthesis can be extended to obtain other MPd/WO 2.72 (M = Fe, Co, Ni), making it possible to study MPd-WO 2.72 interactions and MPd stabilization on enhancing MPd catalysis for various chemical reactions.« less

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