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Title: The genome of jojoba ( Simmondsia chinensis ): A taxonomically isolated species that directs wax ester accumulation in its seeds

Abstract

Seeds of the desert shrub, jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis), are an abundant, renewable source of liquid wax esters, which are valued additives in cosmetic products and industrial lubricants. Jojoba is relegated to its own taxonomic family, and there is little genetic information available to elucidate its phylogeny. Here, we report the high-quality, 887-Mb genome of jojoba assembled into 26 chromosomes with 23,490 protein-coding genes. The jojoba genome has only the whole-genome triplication (γ) shared among eudicots and no recent duplications. These genomic resources coupled with extensive transcriptome, proteome, and lipidome data helped to define heterogeneous pathways and machinery for lipid synthesis and storage, provided missing evolutionary history information for this taxonomically segregated dioecious plant species, and will support efforts to improve the agronomic properties of jojoba.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [8];  [9]; ORCiD logo [9]; ORCiD logo [10]; ORCiD logo [11]; ORCiD logo [12]; ORCiD logo [13]; ORCiD logo [13]; ORCiD logo [14]; ORCiD logo [15];  [16];  [17];  [17] more »; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [18]; ORCiD logo [19] « less
  1. Univ. of North Texas, Denton, TX (United States). BioDiscovery Institute and Department of Biological Sciences Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, (China) National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement
  2. Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, (China) National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement
  3. Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, (China). National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, (China). Hubei Key Laboratory of Agricultural Bioinformatics, College of Informatics
  4. Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, (China). National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, (China). Hubei Key Laboratory of Agricultural Bioinformatics, College of Informatics
  5. Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, (China). National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, (China). Hubei Key Laboratory of Agricultural Bioinformatics, College of Informatics
  6. Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, (China). National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, (China). Hubei Key Laboratory of Agricultural Bioinformatics, College of Informatics
  7. Heinrich Heine University, Dusseldorf, NRW, (Germany). Institute for Plant Genetics
  8. Univ. of North Texas, Denton, TX (United States). BioDiscovery Institute and Department of Biological Sciences
  9. Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, (China). Hubei Key Laboratory of Agricultural Bioinformatics, College of Informatics
  10. Univ. of North Texas, Denton, TX (United States). BioDiscovery Institute and Department of Biological Sciences
  11. University of Goettingen, Goettingen, (Germany. Department of Plant Biochemistry and Service Unit for Metabolomics and Lipidomics, Albrecht-von-Haller-Institute and Goettingen Center for Molecular Biosciences (GZMB)
  12. University of Goettingen, Goettingen, (Germany). Department of Plant Biochemistry and Service Unit for Metabolomics and Lipidomics, Albrecht-von-Haller-Institute and Goettingen Center for Molecular Biosciences (GZMB)
  13. Leibniz-Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), Gatersleben, (Germany)
  14. Univ. of North Texas, Denton, TX (United States). BioDiscovery Institute and Department of Biological Sciences Univ. of North Texas, Denton, TX (United States). Department of Chemistry
  15. Univ. of North Texas, Denton, TX (United States). Department of Mathematics
  16. Univ. of North Texas, Denton, TX (United States). BioDiscovery Institute and Department of Biological Sciences Univ. of North Texas, Denton, TX (United States). Department of Mathematics
  17. USDA-ARS, US Arid-Land Agricultural Research Center, Maricopa, AZ, (United States)
  18. Univ. of North Texas, Denton, TX (United States). BioDiscovery Institute and Department of Biological Sciences Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, (China); National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement
  19. Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, (China). National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of North Texas, Denton, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1626038
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0016536; 2016YFD0101000
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 2375-2548
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Sturtevant, Drew, Lu, Shaoping, Zhou, Zhi-Wei, Shen, Yin, Wang, Shuo, Song, Jia-Ming, Zhong, Jinshun, Burks, David J., Yang, Zhi-Quan, Yang, Qing-Yong, Cannon, Ashley E., Herrfurth, Cornelia, Feussner, Ivo, Borisjuk, Ljudmilla, Munz, Eberhard, Verbeck, Guido F., Wang, Xuexia, Azad, Rajeev K., Singleton, Brenda, Dyer, John M., Chen, Ling-Ling, Chapman, Kent D., and Guo, Liang. The genome of jojoba ( Simmondsia chinensis ): A taxonomically isolated species that directs wax ester accumulation in its seeds. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aay3240.
Sturtevant, Drew, Lu, Shaoping, Zhou, Zhi-Wei, Shen, Yin, Wang, Shuo, Song, Jia-Ming, Zhong, Jinshun, Burks, David J., Yang, Zhi-Quan, Yang, Qing-Yong, Cannon, Ashley E., Herrfurth, Cornelia, Feussner, Ivo, Borisjuk, Ljudmilla, Munz, Eberhard, Verbeck, Guido F., Wang, Xuexia, Azad, Rajeev K., Singleton, Brenda, Dyer, John M., Chen, Ling-Ling, Chapman, Kent D., & Guo, Liang. The genome of jojoba ( Simmondsia chinensis ): A taxonomically isolated species that directs wax ester accumulation in its seeds. United States. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aay3240
Sturtevant, Drew, Lu, Shaoping, Zhou, Zhi-Wei, Shen, Yin, Wang, Shuo, Song, Jia-Ming, Zhong, Jinshun, Burks, David J., Yang, Zhi-Quan, Yang, Qing-Yong, Cannon, Ashley E., Herrfurth, Cornelia, Feussner, Ivo, Borisjuk, Ljudmilla, Munz, Eberhard, Verbeck, Guido F., Wang, Xuexia, Azad, Rajeev K., Singleton, Brenda, Dyer, John M., Chen, Ling-Ling, Chapman, Kent D., and Guo, Liang. Wed . "The genome of jojoba ( Simmondsia chinensis ): A taxonomically isolated species that directs wax ester accumulation in its seeds". United States. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aay3240. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1626038.
@article{osti_1626038,
title = {The genome of jojoba ( Simmondsia chinensis ): A taxonomically isolated species that directs wax ester accumulation in its seeds},
author = {Sturtevant, Drew and Lu, Shaoping and Zhou, Zhi-Wei and Shen, Yin and Wang, Shuo and Song, Jia-Ming and Zhong, Jinshun and Burks, David J. and Yang, Zhi-Quan and Yang, Qing-Yong and Cannon, Ashley E. and Herrfurth, Cornelia and Feussner, Ivo and Borisjuk, Ljudmilla and Munz, Eberhard and Verbeck, Guido F. and Wang, Xuexia and Azad, Rajeev K. and Singleton, Brenda and Dyer, John M. and Chen, Ling-Ling and Chapman, Kent D. and Guo, Liang},
abstractNote = {Seeds of the desert shrub, jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis), are an abundant, renewable source of liquid wax esters, which are valued additives in cosmetic products and industrial lubricants. Jojoba is relegated to its own taxonomic family, and there is little genetic information available to elucidate its phylogeny. Here, we report the high-quality, 887-Mb genome of jojoba assembled into 26 chromosomes with 23,490 protein-coding genes. The jojoba genome has only the whole-genome triplication (γ) shared among eudicots and no recent duplications. These genomic resources coupled with extensive transcriptome, proteome, and lipidome data helped to define heterogeneous pathways and machinery for lipid synthesis and storage, provided missing evolutionary history information for this taxonomically segregated dioecious plant species, and will support efforts to improve the agronomic properties of jojoba.},
doi = {10.1126/sciadv.aay3240},
journal = {Science Advances},
number = 11,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

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