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Title: Integrating Multiredox Centers into One Framework for High-Performance Organic Li-Ion Battery Cathodes

Abstract

Organic cathode materials are promising for developing high-energy and high-power Li-ion batteries (LIBs). However, the energy storage of most organic cathodes relies on the electron transfer of a single type of functional group, leading to either a low redox potential or a low capacity. Here we propose a new strategy for the structure design and performance optimization of organic materials. Furthermore, a new organic cathode, dithianon (DTN), containing three functional groups (-S-, C=O, C equivalent to N) in one framework, is reported. The -S- group increases the redox potential to 3.0 V, while C=O and C equivalent to N groups enable a three Li-ions-involved redox reaction. As a cathode, DTN delivers 270.2 mAh g-1 at 0.5C for 300 cycles. Even at 5C, it still retains 161.5 mAh g-1 after 1000 cycles. The high-capacity, high-power, and stable DTN cathode offers great promise for high-performance and sustainable LIBs.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States); Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
  5. George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA (United States)
  6. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Nanostructures for Electrical Energy Storage (NEES); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Transportation Office. Vehicle Technologies Office; George Mason Univ.
OSTI Identifier:
1615739
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; SC0001160; FG02-03ER15457; 183904
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Energy Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2380-8195
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; Redox reactions; electrodes; carbonyls; physical and chemical processes; natural organic matter

Citation Formats

Cui, Chunyu, Ji, Xiao, Wang, Peng-Fei, Xu, Gui-Liang, Chen, Long, Chen, Ji, Kim, Hacksung, Ren, Yang, Chen, Fu, Yang, Chongyin, Fan, Xiulin, Luo, Chao, Amine, Khalil, and Wang, Chunsheng. Integrating Multiredox Centers into One Framework for High-Performance Organic Li-Ion Battery Cathodes. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.9b02466.
Cui, Chunyu, Ji, Xiao, Wang, Peng-Fei, Xu, Gui-Liang, Chen, Long, Chen, Ji, Kim, Hacksung, Ren, Yang, Chen, Fu, Yang, Chongyin, Fan, Xiulin, Luo, Chao, Amine, Khalil, & Wang, Chunsheng. Integrating Multiredox Centers into One Framework for High-Performance Organic Li-Ion Battery Cathodes. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.9b02466
Cui, Chunyu, Ji, Xiao, Wang, Peng-Fei, Xu, Gui-Liang, Chen, Long, Chen, Ji, Kim, Hacksung, Ren, Yang, Chen, Fu, Yang, Chongyin, Fan, Xiulin, Luo, Chao, Amine, Khalil, and Wang, Chunsheng. Wed . "Integrating Multiredox Centers into One Framework for High-Performance Organic Li-Ion Battery Cathodes". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.9b02466. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1615739.
@article{osti_1615739,
title = {Integrating Multiredox Centers into One Framework for High-Performance Organic Li-Ion Battery Cathodes},
author = {Cui, Chunyu and Ji, Xiao and Wang, Peng-Fei and Xu, Gui-Liang and Chen, Long and Chen, Ji and Kim, Hacksung and Ren, Yang and Chen, Fu and Yang, Chongyin and Fan, Xiulin and Luo, Chao and Amine, Khalil and Wang, Chunsheng},
abstractNote = {Organic cathode materials are promising for developing high-energy and high-power Li-ion batteries (LIBs). However, the energy storage of most organic cathodes relies on the electron transfer of a single type of functional group, leading to either a low redox potential or a low capacity. Here we propose a new strategy for the structure design and performance optimization of organic materials. Furthermore, a new organic cathode, dithianon (DTN), containing three functional groups (-S-, C=O, C equivalent to N) in one framework, is reported. The -S- group increases the redox potential to 3.0 V, while C=O and C equivalent to N groups enable a three Li-ions-involved redox reaction. As a cathode, DTN delivers 270.2 mAh g-1 at 0.5C for 300 cycles. Even at 5C, it still retains 161.5 mAh g-1 after 1000 cycles. The high-capacity, high-power, and stable DTN cathode offers great promise for high-performance and sustainable LIBs.},
doi = {10.1021/acsenergylett.9b02466},
journal = {ACS Energy Letters},
number = 1,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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