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Title: An open-source database for the synthesis of soil radiocarbon data: International Soil Radiocarbon Database (ISRaD) version 1.0

Abstract

Radiocarbon is a critical constraint on our estimates of the timescales of soil carbon cycling that can aid in identifying mechanisms of carbon stabilization and destabilization and improve the forecast of soil carbon response to management or environmental change. Despite the wealth of soil radiocarbon data that have been reported over the past 75 years, the ability to apply these data to global-scale questions is limited by our capacity to synthesize and compare measurements generated using a variety of methods. Here, we present the International Soil Radiocarbon Database (ISRaD; http://soilradiocarbon.org, last access: 16 December 2019), an open-source archive of soil data that include reported measurements from bulk soils, distinct soil carbon pools isolated in the laboratory by a variety of soil fractionation methods, samples of soil gas or water collected interstitially from within an intact soil profile, CO2 gas isolated from laboratory soil incubations, and fluxes collected in situ from a soil profile. The core of ISRaD is a relational database structured around individual datasets (entries) and organized hierarchically to report soil radiocarbon data, measured at different physical and temporal scales as well as other soil or environmental properties that may also be measured and may assist with interpretation andmore » context. Anyone may contribute their own data to the database by entering it into the ISRaD template and subjecting it to quality assurance protocols. ISRaD can be accessed through (1) a web-based interface, (2) an R package (ISRaD), or (3) direct access to code and data through the GitHub repository, which hosts both code and data. The design of ISRaD allows for participants to become directly involved in the management, design, and application of ISRaD data. The synthesized dataset is available in two forms: the original data as reported by the authors of the datasets and an enhanced dataset that includes ancillary geospatial data calculated within the ISRaD framework. ISRaD also provides data management tools in the ISRaD-R package that provide a starting point for data analysis; as an open-source project, the broader soil community is invited and encouraged to add data, tools, and ideas for improvement. As a whole, ISRaD provides resources to aid our evaluation of soil dynamics across a range of spatial and temporal scales.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [2];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [7];  [8]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [9]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [10];  [6]; ORCiD logo [11]; ORCiD logo [12]; ORCiD logo [13]; ORCiD logo [14]; ORCiD logo [15];  [9] more »; ORCiD logo [16]; ORCiD logo [1];  [17]; ORCiD logo [18]; ORCiD logo [19];  [20]; ORCiD logo [21]; ORCiD logo [22]; ORCiD logo [23]; ORCiD logo [24]; ORCiD logo [25] « less
  1. U.S. Geological Survey, Boulder, CO (United States)
  2. Max Planck Society, Jena (Germany). Max Planck Inst. for Biogeochemistry
  3. Max Planck Society, Jena (Germany). Max Planck Inst. for Biogeochemistry; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)
  5. U.S. Forest Service Northern Research Station, Houghton, MI (United States)
  6. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  7. Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States)
  8. Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
  9. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)
  10. Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)
  11. Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH (United States)
  12. Northern Arizona Univ., Flagstaff, AZ (United States)
  13. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  14. ETH Zurich (Switzerland)
  15. Univ. Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
  16. Univ. of Eastern Finland, Kuopio (Finland)
  17. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  18. Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, AB (Canada)
  19. Univ. of California, Merced, CA (United States)
  20. Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States)
  21. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
  22. Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  23. Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States)
  24. Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)
  25. National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Ibaraki (Japan)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1615579
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-775042
Journal ID: ISSN 1866-3516; 967739
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Earth System Science Data (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Earth System Science Data (Online); Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1866-3516
Publisher:
Copernicus
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Geosciences; Environmental sciences

Citation Formats

Lawrence, C. R., Beem-Miller, J., Hoyt, A. M., Monroe, G., Sierra, C. A., Heckman, K., Blankinship, J. C., Crow, S. E., McNicol, G., Trumbore, S., Levine, P. A., Vinduskova, O., Todd-Brown, K., Rasmussen, C., Hicks Pries, C. E., Schadel, C., McFarlane, K. J., Doetterl, S., Hatte, C., He, Y., Treat, C., Harden, J. W., Torn, M. S., Estop-Aragones, E., Berhe, A. A., Kieluweit, M., Marin-Spiotta, E., Plante, A. F., Thomson, A., Schimel, J. P., and Wagai, R. An open-source database for the synthesis of soil radiocarbon data: International Soil Radiocarbon Database (ISRaD) version 1.0. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-12-61-2020.
Lawrence, C. R., Beem-Miller, J., Hoyt, A. M., Monroe, G., Sierra, C. A., Heckman, K., Blankinship, J. C., Crow, S. E., McNicol, G., Trumbore, S., Levine, P. A., Vinduskova, O., Todd-Brown, K., Rasmussen, C., Hicks Pries, C. E., Schadel, C., McFarlane, K. J., Doetterl, S., Hatte, C., He, Y., Treat, C., Harden, J. W., Torn, M. S., Estop-Aragones, E., Berhe, A. A., Kieluweit, M., Marin-Spiotta, E., Plante, A. F., Thomson, A., Schimel, J. P., & Wagai, R. An open-source database for the synthesis of soil radiocarbon data: International Soil Radiocarbon Database (ISRaD) version 1.0. United States. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-12-61-2020
Lawrence, C. R., Beem-Miller, J., Hoyt, A. M., Monroe, G., Sierra, C. A., Heckman, K., Blankinship, J. C., Crow, S. E., McNicol, G., Trumbore, S., Levine, P. A., Vinduskova, O., Todd-Brown, K., Rasmussen, C., Hicks Pries, C. E., Schadel, C., McFarlane, K. J., Doetterl, S., Hatte, C., He, Y., Treat, C., Harden, J. W., Torn, M. S., Estop-Aragones, E., Berhe, A. A., Kieluweit, M., Marin-Spiotta, E., Plante, A. F., Thomson, A., Schimel, J. P., and Wagai, R. Mon . "An open-source database for the synthesis of soil radiocarbon data: International Soil Radiocarbon Database (ISRaD) version 1.0". United States. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-12-61-2020. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1615579.
@article{osti_1615579,
title = {An open-source database for the synthesis of soil radiocarbon data: International Soil Radiocarbon Database (ISRaD) version 1.0},
author = {Lawrence, C. R. and Beem-Miller, J. and Hoyt, A. M. and Monroe, G. and Sierra, C. A. and Heckman, K. and Blankinship, J. C. and Crow, S. E. and McNicol, G. and Trumbore, S. and Levine, P. A. and Vinduskova, O. and Todd-Brown, K. and Rasmussen, C. and Hicks Pries, C. E. and Schadel, C. and McFarlane, K. J. and Doetterl, S. and Hatte, C. and He, Y. and Treat, C. and Harden, J. W. and Torn, M. S. and Estop-Aragones, E. and Berhe, A. A. and Kieluweit, M. and Marin-Spiotta, E. and Plante, A. F. and Thomson, A. and Schimel, J. P. and Wagai, R.},
abstractNote = {Radiocarbon is a critical constraint on our estimates of the timescales of soil carbon cycling that can aid in identifying mechanisms of carbon stabilization and destabilization and improve the forecast of soil carbon response to management or environmental change. Despite the wealth of soil radiocarbon data that have been reported over the past 75 years, the ability to apply these data to global-scale questions is limited by our capacity to synthesize and compare measurements generated using a variety of methods. Here, we present the International Soil Radiocarbon Database (ISRaD; http://soilradiocarbon.org, last access: 16 December 2019), an open-source archive of soil data that include reported measurements from bulk soils, distinct soil carbon pools isolated in the laboratory by a variety of soil fractionation methods, samples of soil gas or water collected interstitially from within an intact soil profile, CO2 gas isolated from laboratory soil incubations, and fluxes collected in situ from a soil profile. The core of ISRaD is a relational database structured around individual datasets (entries) and organized hierarchically to report soil radiocarbon data, measured at different physical and temporal scales as well as other soil or environmental properties that may also be measured and may assist with interpretation and context. Anyone may contribute their own data to the database by entering it into the ISRaD template and subjecting it to quality assurance protocols. ISRaD can be accessed through (1) a web-based interface, (2) an R package (ISRaD), or (3) direct access to code and data through the GitHub repository, which hosts both code and data. The design of ISRaD allows for participants to become directly involved in the management, design, and application of ISRaD data. The synthesized dataset is available in two forms: the original data as reported by the authors of the datasets and an enhanced dataset that includes ancillary geospatial data calculated within the ISRaD framework. ISRaD also provides data management tools in the ISRaD-R package that provide a starting point for data analysis; as an open-source project, the broader soil community is invited and encouraged to add data, tools, and ideas for improvement. As a whole, ISRaD provides resources to aid our evaluation of soil dynamics across a range of spatial and temporal scales.},
doi = {10.5194/essd-12-61-2020},
journal = {Earth System Science Data (Online)},
number = 1,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

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