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Title: Formation of Crystalline Silica–Carbonate Biomorphs of Alkaline Earth Metals (Ca, Ba, Sr) from Ambient to Low Temperatures: Chemical Implications during the Primitive Earth’s Life

Abstract

The Earth has undergone at least four great glaciations, during which the ice layers and the glaciers have expanded all over the planet, corresponding to significant drops in global temperatures that lasted millions of years. Since the Precambrian era, ice ages have occurred at intervals of several millions of years. It is considered that the impact on the biosphere was large, because life was on the brink of disappearing completely from the planet. During these glaciation periods, carbon was reassigned, with the subsequent formation of carbonates called cap carbonates, which present stromatolite-like activity. These findings prove that life was conserved even during the glacial period. Knowledge on life conservation during the glacial period through stromatolites that have endured until the present day, is of special relevance. In recent investigations, in vitro structures have been synthesized; these crystalline aggregates have been named biomorphs because they mirror the morphologies of primitive organisms called Precambrian cherts. These biomorphs have been synthesized at different temperatures (from room temperature to lower ones). Finally, the aim of the present work was to synthesize CaCO3, BaCO3, and SrCO3 silica–carbonate biomorphs at three low temperatures (4 °C, -20 °C, and -70 °C). CaCO3 biomorphs present almost the samemore » morphology at all temperatures with a calcite crystalline structure, whereas BaCO3 and SrCO3 biomorphs present remarkably different morphologies depending on temperature with witherite and strontianite crystalline structure, respectively.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Univ. de Guanajuato (Mexico); Ciudad Univ. (Mexico)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II)
  3. Ciudad Univ. (Mexico)
  4. Univ. de Los Andes, Merida (Venezuela)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1607977
Report Number(s):
BNL-213786-2020-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1528-7483
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Crystal Growth and Design
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 20; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1528-7483
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; morphology; crystal structure; raman spectroscopy; calcite; physical and chemical processes

Citation Formats

Cuéllar-Cruz, Mayra, Schneider, Dieter K., Stojanoff, Vivian, Islas, Selene R., Sánchez-Puig, Nuria, Arreguín-Espinosa, Roberto, Delgado, José Miguel, and Moreno, Abel. Formation of Crystalline Silica–Carbonate Biomorphs of Alkaline Earth Metals (Ca, Ba, Sr) from Ambient to Low Temperatures: Chemical Implications during the Primitive Earth’s Life. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.cgd.9b01473.
Cuéllar-Cruz, Mayra, Schneider, Dieter K., Stojanoff, Vivian, Islas, Selene R., Sánchez-Puig, Nuria, Arreguín-Espinosa, Roberto, Delgado, José Miguel, & Moreno, Abel. Formation of Crystalline Silica–Carbonate Biomorphs of Alkaline Earth Metals (Ca, Ba, Sr) from Ambient to Low Temperatures: Chemical Implications during the Primitive Earth’s Life. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.cgd.9b01473
Cuéllar-Cruz, Mayra, Schneider, Dieter K., Stojanoff, Vivian, Islas, Selene R., Sánchez-Puig, Nuria, Arreguín-Espinosa, Roberto, Delgado, José Miguel, and Moreno, Abel. Tue . "Formation of Crystalline Silica–Carbonate Biomorphs of Alkaline Earth Metals (Ca, Ba, Sr) from Ambient to Low Temperatures: Chemical Implications during the Primitive Earth’s Life". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.cgd.9b01473. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1607977.
@article{osti_1607977,
title = {Formation of Crystalline Silica–Carbonate Biomorphs of Alkaline Earth Metals (Ca, Ba, Sr) from Ambient to Low Temperatures: Chemical Implications during the Primitive Earth’s Life},
author = {Cuéllar-Cruz, Mayra and Schneider, Dieter K. and Stojanoff, Vivian and Islas, Selene R. and Sánchez-Puig, Nuria and Arreguín-Espinosa, Roberto and Delgado, José Miguel and Moreno, Abel},
abstractNote = {The Earth has undergone at least four great glaciations, during which the ice layers and the glaciers have expanded all over the planet, corresponding to significant drops in global temperatures that lasted millions of years. Since the Precambrian era, ice ages have occurred at intervals of several millions of years. It is considered that the impact on the biosphere was large, because life was on the brink of disappearing completely from the planet. During these glaciation periods, carbon was reassigned, with the subsequent formation of carbonates called cap carbonates, which present stromatolite-like activity. These findings prove that life was conserved even during the glacial period. Knowledge on life conservation during the glacial period through stromatolites that have endured until the present day, is of special relevance. In recent investigations, in vitro structures have been synthesized; these crystalline aggregates have been named biomorphs because they mirror the morphologies of primitive organisms called Precambrian cherts. These biomorphs have been synthesized at different temperatures (from room temperature to lower ones). Finally, the aim of the present work was to synthesize CaCO3, BaCO3, and SrCO3 silica–carbonate biomorphs at three low temperatures (4 °C, -20 °C, and -70 °C). CaCO3 biomorphs present almost the same morphology at all temperatures with a calcite crystalline structure, whereas BaCO3 and SrCO3 biomorphs present remarkably different morphologies depending on temperature with witherite and strontianite crystalline structure, respectively.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.cgd.9b01473},
journal = {Crystal Growth and Design},
number = 2,
volume = 20,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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