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Title: On the mechanisms of stress relaxation and intensification at the lithium/solid-state electrolyte interface

Abstract

Under electrochemical cycling, stress intensification and relaxation within small volumes at the lithium/solid-state electrolyte (SSE) interface are thought to be critical factors contributing to mechanical failure of the SSE and subsequent short-circuiting of the device. Nanoindentation has been used to examine the diffusion-limited pressure lithium can support in the absence of active dislocation sources at high homologous temperatures. Based on the underlying physics of this deformation mechanism, a simple perturbation model coupling local current density, elastic stress, and diffusional creep relaxation is introduced. Combining this analysis with the indentation results, it is possible to describe a defect length scale which is too large for effective diffusional creep relaxation, but too small for efficient dislocation multiplication. In this instance, the properties of the SSE may become critical, and relevant indentation results of the SSE are described. Lastly, the final outcome of the proposed analysis is a newly developed deformation mechanism map.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, MI (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1606763
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 34; Journal Issue: 21; Journal ID: ISSN 0884-2914
Publisher:
Materials Research Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; lithium metal; LLZO; critical current density; creep; nanoindentation

Citation Formats

Herbert, Erik G., Dudney, Nancy J., Rochow, Maria, Thole, Violet, and Hackney, Stephen A.. On the mechanisms of stress relaxation and intensification at the lithium/solid-state electrolyte interface. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2019.313.
Herbert, Erik G., Dudney, Nancy J., Rochow, Maria, Thole, Violet, & Hackney, Stephen A.. On the mechanisms of stress relaxation and intensification at the lithium/solid-state electrolyte interface. United States. https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2019.313
Herbert, Erik G., Dudney, Nancy J., Rochow, Maria, Thole, Violet, and Hackney, Stephen A.. Thu . "On the mechanisms of stress relaxation and intensification at the lithium/solid-state electrolyte interface". United States. https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2019.313. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1606763.
@article{osti_1606763,
title = {On the mechanisms of stress relaxation and intensification at the lithium/solid-state electrolyte interface},
author = {Herbert, Erik G. and Dudney, Nancy J. and Rochow, Maria and Thole, Violet and Hackney, Stephen A.},
abstractNote = {Under electrochemical cycling, stress intensification and relaxation within small volumes at the lithium/solid-state electrolyte (SSE) interface are thought to be critical factors contributing to mechanical failure of the SSE and subsequent short-circuiting of the device. Nanoindentation has been used to examine the diffusion-limited pressure lithium can support in the absence of active dislocation sources at high homologous temperatures. Based on the underlying physics of this deformation mechanism, a simple perturbation model coupling local current density, elastic stress, and diffusional creep relaxation is introduced. Combining this analysis with the indentation results, it is possible to describe a defect length scale which is too large for effective diffusional creep relaxation, but too small for efficient dislocation multiplication. In this instance, the properties of the SSE may become critical, and relevant indentation results of the SSE are described. Lastly, the final outcome of the proposed analysis is a newly developed deformation mechanism map.},
doi = {10.1557/jmr.2019.313},
journal = {Journal of Materials Research},
number = 21,
volume = 34,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

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