skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Cross-correlating Planck with VST ATLAS LRGs: a new test for the ISW effect in the Southern hemisphere

Abstract

ABSTRACT The integrated Sachs–Wolfe (ISW) effect probes the late-time expansion history of the Universe, offering direct constraints on dark energy. Here, we present our measurements of the ISW signal at redshifts of $$\bar{z}=0.35$$, 0.55, and 0.68, using the cross-correlation of the Planck cosmic microwave background temperature map with ∼0.5 million luminous red galaxies (LRGs) selected from the VST ATLAS survey. We then combine these with previous measurements based on WMAP and similar SDSS LRG samples, providing a total sample of ∼2.1 million LRGs covering ∼12 000 deg2 of sky. At $$\bar{z}=0.35$$ and $$\bar{z}=0.55$$, we detect the ISW signal at 1.2σ and 2.3σ (or 2.6σ combined), in agreement with the predictions of lambda cold dark matter (ΛCDM). We verify these results by repeating the measurements using the BOSS LOWZ and CMASS, spectroscopically confirmed LRG samples. We also detect the ISW effect in three magnitude limited ATLAS + SDSS galaxy samples extending to z ≈ 0.4 at ∼2σ per sample. However, we do not detect the ISW signal at $$\bar{z}=0.68$$ when combining the ATLAS and SDSS results. Further tests using spectroscopically confirmed eBOSS LRGs at this redshift remain inconclusive due to the current low sky coverage of the survey. If the ISW signal is shown to be redshift dependent in a manner inconsistent with the predictions of ΛCDM, it could open the door to alternative theories such as modified gravity. It is therefore important to repeat the high-redshift ISW measurement using the completed eBOSS sample, as well as deeper upcoming surveys such as DESI and LSST.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]
  1. Department of Physics, Durham University, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
  2. Department of Physics, ETH Zürich, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 27, CH-8093 Zürich, Switzerland
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1605604
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
[Journal Name: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Journal Volume: 493 Journal Issue: 4]; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Ansarinejad, Behzad, Mackenzie, Ruari, Shanks, Tom, and Metcalfe, Nigel. Cross-correlating Planck with VST ATLAS LRGs: a new test for the ISW effect in the Southern hemisphere. United Kingdom: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/staa592.
Ansarinejad, Behzad, Mackenzie, Ruari, Shanks, Tom, & Metcalfe, Nigel. Cross-correlating Planck with VST ATLAS LRGs: a new test for the ISW effect in the Southern hemisphere. United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/mnras/staa592.
Ansarinejad, Behzad, Mackenzie, Ruari, Shanks, Tom, and Metcalfe, Nigel. Fri . "Cross-correlating Planck with VST ATLAS LRGs: a new test for the ISW effect in the Southern hemisphere". United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/mnras/staa592.
@article{osti_1605604,
title = {Cross-correlating Planck with VST ATLAS LRGs: a new test for the ISW effect in the Southern hemisphere},
author = {Ansarinejad, Behzad and Mackenzie, Ruari and Shanks, Tom and Metcalfe, Nigel},
abstractNote = {ABSTRACT The integrated Sachs–Wolfe (ISW) effect probes the late-time expansion history of the Universe, offering direct constraints on dark energy. Here, we present our measurements of the ISW signal at redshifts of $\bar{z}=0.35$, 0.55, and 0.68, using the cross-correlation of the Planck cosmic microwave background temperature map with ∼0.5 million luminous red galaxies (LRGs) selected from the VST ATLAS survey. We then combine these with previous measurements based on WMAP and similar SDSS LRG samples, providing a total sample of ∼2.1 million LRGs covering ∼12 000 deg2 of sky. At $\bar{z}=0.35$ and $\bar{z}=0.55$, we detect the ISW signal at 1.2σ and 2.3σ (or 2.6σ combined), in agreement with the predictions of lambda cold dark matter (ΛCDM). We verify these results by repeating the measurements using the BOSS LOWZ and CMASS, spectroscopically confirmed LRG samples. We also detect the ISW effect in three magnitude limited ATLAS + SDSS galaxy samples extending to z ≈ 0.4 at ∼2σ per sample. However, we do not detect the ISW signal at $\bar{z}=0.68$ when combining the ATLAS and SDSS results. Further tests using spectroscopically confirmed eBOSS LRGs at this redshift remain inconclusive due to the current low sky coverage of the survey. If the ISW signal is shown to be redshift dependent in a manner inconsistent with the predictions of ΛCDM, it could open the door to alternative theories such as modified gravity. It is therefore important to repeat the high-redshift ISW measurement using the completed eBOSS sample, as well as deeper upcoming surveys such as DESI and LSST.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/staa592},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = [4],
volume = [493],
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa592

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Detection of the Integrated Sachs-Wolfe and Sunyaev-Zeldovich Effects from the Cosmic Microwave Background-Galaxy Correlation
journal, October 2003

  • Fosalba, Pablo; Gaztaaga, Enrique; Castander, Francisco J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 597, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/379848

A map of the Integrated Sachs-Wolfe Signal from Luminous red Galaxies
journal, July 2009

  • Granett, Benjamin R.; Neyrinck, Mark C.; Szapudi, István
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 701, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/701/1/414

The Fifth Data Release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
journal, October 2007

  • Adelman‐McCarthy, Jennifer K.; Agueros, Marcel A.; Allam, Sahar S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 172, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/518864

Cross Correlation of the Cosmic Microwave Background with Radio Sources: Constraints on an Accelerating Universe
journal, December 2001


The Astropy Project: Building an Open-science Project and Status of the v2.0 Core Package
journal, August 2018

  • Price-Whelan, A. M.; Sipőcz, B. M.; Günther, H. M.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 156, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-3881/aabc4f

How close can an inhomogeneous universe mimic the concordance model?
journal, June 2010

  • Dunsby, Peter; Goheer, Naureen; Osano, Bob
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2010, Issue 06
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2010/06/017

Combined analysis of the integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect and cosmological implications
journal, June 2008

  • Giannantonio, Tommaso; Scranton, Ryan; Crittenden, Robert G.
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 77, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.77.123520

Measurement of the gravitational potential evolution from the cross-correlation between WMAP and the APM Galaxy Survey
journal, May 2004


Constraining dark energy with cross-correlated CMB and large scale structure data
journal, June 2005

  • Corasaniti, Pier-Stefano; Giannantonio, Tommaso; Melchiorri, Alessandro
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 71, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.71.123521

Gaia Data Release 2 : Summary of the contents and survey properties
journal, August 2018


The integrated Sachs–Wolfe signal from BOSS superstructures
journal, October 2015

  • Granett, B. R.; Kovács, A.; Hawken, A. J.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 454, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2110

Cross-correlation of WMAP7 and the WISE full data release
journal, February 2013

  • Kovács, András; Szapudi, István; Granett, Benjamin R.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 431, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slt002

Imprint of DES superstructures on the cosmic microwave background
journal, November 2016

  • Kovács, A.; Sánchez, C.; García-Bellido, J.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 465, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw2968

Cross-correlation of 2MASS and WMAP 3: implications for the integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect
journal, May 2007


HEALPix: A Framework for High‐Resolution Discretization and Fast Analysis of Data Distributed on the Sphere
journal, April 2005

  • Gorski, K. M.; Hivon, E.; Banday, A. J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 622, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/427976

Correlating the CMB with luminous red galaxies: The integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect
journal, August 2005


The Eleventh and Twelfth data Releases of the Sloan Digital sky Survey: Final data from Sdss-Iii
journal, July 2015

  • Alam, Shadab; Albareti, Franco D.; Prieto, Carlos Allende
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 219, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/219/1/12

The lensing and temperature imprints of voids on the cosmic microwave background
journal, December 2016

  • Cai, Yan-Chuan; Neyrinck, Mark; Mao, Qingqing
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 466, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw3299

The 2dF-SDSS LRG and QSO (2SLAQ) Luminous Red Galaxy Survey
journal, October 2006


Luminous red galaxy clustering at z ≃ 0.7 - first results using AAOmega
journal, July 2008


Correlation of CMB with large-scale structure. I. Integrated Sachs-Wolfe tomography and cosmological implications
journal, August 2008


The clustering of galaxies in the completed SDSS-III Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey: cosmological analysis of the DR12 galaxy sample
journal, March 2017

  • Alam, Shadab; Ata, Metin; Bailey, Stephen
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 470, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx721

Integrated Sachs-Wolfe measurements with photometric redshift surveys: 2MASS results and future prospects: ISW estimates using photometric redshifts
journal, June 2010


The clustering of galaxies in the SDSS-III Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey: analysis of potential systematics: Systematic analysis of BOSS 3D clustering
journal, June 2012

  • Ross, Ashley J.; Percival, Will J.; Sánchez, Ariel G.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 424, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21235.x

Spectroscopic Target Selection for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey: The Luminous Red Galaxy Sample
journal, November 2001

  • Eisenstein, Daniel J.; Annis, James; Gunn, James E.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 122, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1086/323717

A Detection of the Integrated Sachs–Wolfe Imprint of Cosmic Superstructures Using a Matched-Filter Approach
journal, October 2016


A reassessment of the evidence of the Integrated Sachs–Wolfe effect through the WMAP–NVSS correlation
journal, June 2008


An Alternative to the Λcdm Model: the case of Scale Invariance
journal, January 2017


Planck 2015 results : XXI. The integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect
journal, September 2016


Planck 2015 results : XIII. Cosmological parameters
journal, September 2016


Observational Evidence from Supernovae for an Accelerating Universe and a Cosmological Constant
journal, September 1998

  • Riess, Adam G.; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Challis, Peter
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 116, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1086/300499

Modified gravity and cosmology
journal, March 2012


Cross-correlation of WISE galaxies with the cosmic microwave background: Cross-correlation of WMAP and WISE
journal, March 2012

  • Goto, Tomotsugu; Szapudi, István; Granett, Benjamin R.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 422, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-3933.2012.01240.x

The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Quasar Catalog. IV. Fifth Data Release
journal, May 2007

  • Schneider, Donald P.; Hall, Patrick B.; Richards, Gordon T.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 134, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/518474

A correlation between the cosmic microwave background and large-scale structure in the Universe
journal, January 2004


Integrated Sachs-Wolfe Imprint of Superstructures on Linear Scales
journal, April 2011

  • Pápai, Péter; Szapudi, István; Granett, Benjamin R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 732, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/732/1/27

Photometric selection of emission-line galaxies, clustering analysis and a search for the integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect
journal, April 2010


Angular correlation function of 1.5 million luminous red galaxies: clustering evolution and a search for baryon acoustic oscillations: Clustering evolution and a search for BAO
journal, August 2011


Concordance cosmology without dark energy
journal, February 2017

  • Rácz, Gábor; Dobos, László; Beck, Róbert
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 469, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slx026

Error analysis in cross-correlation of sky maps: application to the Integrated Sachs-Wolfe detection
journal, November 2007


LSST: From Science Drivers to Reference Design and Anticipated Data Products
journal, March 2019

  • Ivezić, Željko; Kahn, Steven M.; Tyson, J. Anthony
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 873, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab042c

Planck 2013 results. XI. All-sky model of thermal dust emission
journal, October 2014


High redshift detection of the integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect
journal, September 2006

  • Giannantonio, Tommaso; Crittenden, Robert G.; Nichol, Robert C.
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 74, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.74.063520

The Sdss-Iv Extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey: Luminous red Galaxy Target Selection
journal, June 2016

  • Prakash, Abhishek; Licquia, Timothy C.; Newman, Jeffrey A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 224, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/0067-0049/224/2/34

Planck 2015 results : IX. Diffuse component separation: CMB maps
journal, September 2016


SDSS-III Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey Data Release 12: galaxy target selection and large-scale structure catalogues
journal, November 2015

  • Reid, Beth; Ho, Shirley; Padmanabhan, Nikhil
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 455, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2382

The VLT Survey Telescope ATLAS
journal, June 2015

  • Shanks, T.; Metcalfe, N.; Chehade, B.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 451, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv1130

Bias and variance of angular correlation functions
journal, July 1993

  • Landy, Stephen D.; Szalay, Alexander S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 412
  • DOI: 10.1086/172900

First Year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe Observations: Dark Energy Induced Correlation with Radio Sources
journal, June 2004

  • Nolta, M. R.; Wright, E. L.; Page, L.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 608, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/386536

Cross-correlation of the cosmic microwave background and radio galaxies in real, harmonic and wavelet spaces: detection of the integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect and dark energy constraints
journal, January 2006


The clustering of galaxies in the completed SDSS-III Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey: observational systematics and baryon acoustic oscillations in the correlation function
journal, September 2016

  • Ross, Ashley J.; Beutler, Florian; Chuang, Chia-Hsun
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 464, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw2372

Cross-correlation of Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe third-year data and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey DR4 galaxy survey: new evidence for dark energy
journal, October 2006


Perturbations of a Cosmological Model and Angular Variations of the Microwave Background
journal, January 1967

  • Sachs, R. K.; Wolfe, A. M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 147
  • DOI: 10.1086/148982

Cross-correlating WMAP 5 with 1.5 million LRGs: a new test for the ISW effect
journal, March 2010


The significance of the integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect revisited: The significance of the ISW effect revisited
journal, October 2012

  • Giannantonio, Tommaso; Crittenden, Robert; Nichol, Robert
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 426, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21896.x