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Title: From Molecules to Carbon Materials—High Pressure Induced Polymerization and Bonding Mechanisms of Unsaturated Compounds

Abstract

With the development of high-pressure apparatus, in situ characterization methods and theoretical calculations, high-pressure technology becomes a more and more important method to synthesize new compounds with unusual structures and properties. By compressing compounds containing unsaturated carbon atoms, novel poly-ionic polymers, graphanes and carbon nanothreads were obtained. Their compositions and structures were carefully studied by combining multiple cutting-edge technologies, like the in situ high-pressure X-ray and neutron diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, pair distribution function, solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy. The reaction mechanisms were investigated based on the crystal structure at the reaction threshold pressure (the pressure just before the reaction taking place), the long-range and short-range structure of the product, molecular structure of the intermediates, as well as the theoretical calculation. In this review, we will summarize the synthesis of carbon materials by compressing the unsaturated compounds and its reaction characteristics under extreme conditions. The topochemical reaction mechanism and related characterization methods of the molecular system will be highlighted. This review will provide a reference for designing chemical reaction and exploring novel carbon materials under high-pressure condition.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]
  1. Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research, Beijing (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC)
OSTI Identifier:
1597992
Grant/Contract Number:  
21875006; 21771011
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Crystals
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2073-4352
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; high-pressure synthesis; unsaturated bonds; pressure induced polymerization; carbon materials; reaction mechanism

Citation Formats

Yang, Xin, Wang, Xuan, Wang, Yida, Li, Kuo, and Zheng, Haiyan. From Molecules to Carbon Materials—High Pressure Induced Polymerization and Bonding Mechanisms of Unsaturated Compounds. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst9100490.
Yang, Xin, Wang, Xuan, Wang, Yida, Li, Kuo, & Zheng, Haiyan. From Molecules to Carbon Materials—High Pressure Induced Polymerization and Bonding Mechanisms of Unsaturated Compounds. United States. https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst9100490
Yang, Xin, Wang, Xuan, Wang, Yida, Li, Kuo, and Zheng, Haiyan. Tue . "From Molecules to Carbon Materials—High Pressure Induced Polymerization and Bonding Mechanisms of Unsaturated Compounds". United States. https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst9100490. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1597992.
@article{osti_1597992,
title = {From Molecules to Carbon Materials—High Pressure Induced Polymerization and Bonding Mechanisms of Unsaturated Compounds},
author = {Yang, Xin and Wang, Xuan and Wang, Yida and Li, Kuo and Zheng, Haiyan},
abstractNote = {With the development of high-pressure apparatus, in situ characterization methods and theoretical calculations, high-pressure technology becomes a more and more important method to synthesize new compounds with unusual structures and properties. By compressing compounds containing unsaturated carbon atoms, novel poly-ionic polymers, graphanes and carbon nanothreads were obtained. Their compositions and structures were carefully studied by combining multiple cutting-edge technologies, like the in situ high-pressure X-ray and neutron diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, pair distribution function, solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy. The reaction mechanisms were investigated based on the crystal structure at the reaction threshold pressure (the pressure just before the reaction taking place), the long-range and short-range structure of the product, molecular structure of the intermediates, as well as the theoretical calculation. In this review, we will summarize the synthesis of carbon materials by compressing the unsaturated compounds and its reaction characteristics under extreme conditions. The topochemical reaction mechanism and related characterization methods of the molecular system will be highlighted. This review will provide a reference for designing chemical reaction and exploring novel carbon materials under high-pressure condition.},
doi = {10.3390/cryst9100490},
journal = {Crystals},
number = 10,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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