skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on March 18, 2020

Title: Constraining the thermally pulsing asymptotic giant branch phase with resolved stellar populations in the Small Magellanic Cloud

Abstract

The thermally-pulsing asymptotic giant branch (TP-AGB) experienced by low- andintermediate-mass stars is one of the most uncertain phases of stellar evolution and themodels need to be calibrated with the aid of observations. To this purpose, we couplehigh-quality observations of resolved stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) withdetailed stellar population synthesis simulations computed with theTRILEGALcode.The strength of our approach relies on the detailed spatially-resolved star formationhistory of the SMC, derived from the deep near-infrared photometry of the VISTAsurvey of the Magellanic Clouds, as well as on the capability to quickly and accuratelyexplore a wide variety of parameters and effects with theCOLIBRIcode for the TP-AGB evolution. Adopting a well-characterized set of observations – star counts andluminosity functions – we set up a calibration cycle along which we iteratively changea few key parameters of the TP-AGB models until we eventually reach a good fit tothe observations. Our work leads to identify two best-fitting models that mainly differin the efficiencies of the third dredge-up and mass loss in TP-AGB stars with initialmasses larger than about 3 M. On the basis of these calibrated models we providea full characterization of the TP-AGB stellar population in the SMC in terms of stel-lar parameters (initial masses,more » C/O ratios, carbon excess, mass-loss rates). Extensivetables of isochrones including these improved models are publicly available« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [7];  [9];  [1];  [10];  [11];  [12]
  1. Univ. di Padova (Italy)
  2. Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova (Italy)
  3. Univ. di Padova (Italy); Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova (Italy)
  4. International School for Advanced Studies (Italy)
  5. Space Telescope Science Inst., Baltimore, MD (United States)
  6. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
  7. Uppsala Univ. (Sweden)
  8. Observatoire royal de Belgique (Belgium)
  9. Univ. of Vienna, Tuerkenschanzstrasse, Vienna (Austria)
  10. Eureka Scientific, Inc., Oakland, CA (United States)
  11. Australian National Univ., Canberra (Australia)
  12. Leibniz-Institüt für Astrophysik Potsdam (Germany)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1593857
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0009924
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 485; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Stars: AGB; Stars: mass loss; Magellanic Clouds

Citation Formats

Pastorelli, Giada, Marigo, Paola, Girardi, Léo, Chen, Yang, Rubele, Stefano, Trabucchi, Michele, Aringer, Bernhard, Bladh, Sara, Bressan, Alessandro, Montalbán, Josefina, Boyer, Martha L., Dalcanton, Julianne J., Eriksson, Kjell, Groenewegen, Martin A. T., Höfner, Susanne, Lebzelter, Thomas, Nanni, Ambra, Rosenfield, Philip, Wood, Peter R., and Cioni, Maria-Rosa L. Constraining the thermally pulsing asymptotic giant branch phase with resolved stellar populations in the Small Magellanic Cloud. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz725.
Pastorelli, Giada, Marigo, Paola, Girardi, Léo, Chen, Yang, Rubele, Stefano, Trabucchi, Michele, Aringer, Bernhard, Bladh, Sara, Bressan, Alessandro, Montalbán, Josefina, Boyer, Martha L., Dalcanton, Julianne J., Eriksson, Kjell, Groenewegen, Martin A. T., Höfner, Susanne, Lebzelter, Thomas, Nanni, Ambra, Rosenfield, Philip, Wood, Peter R., & Cioni, Maria-Rosa L. Constraining the thermally pulsing asymptotic giant branch phase with resolved stellar populations in the Small Magellanic Cloud. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz725.
Pastorelli, Giada, Marigo, Paola, Girardi, Léo, Chen, Yang, Rubele, Stefano, Trabucchi, Michele, Aringer, Bernhard, Bladh, Sara, Bressan, Alessandro, Montalbán, Josefina, Boyer, Martha L., Dalcanton, Julianne J., Eriksson, Kjell, Groenewegen, Martin A. T., Höfner, Susanne, Lebzelter, Thomas, Nanni, Ambra, Rosenfield, Philip, Wood, Peter R., and Cioni, Maria-Rosa L. Mon . "Constraining the thermally pulsing asymptotic giant branch phase with resolved stellar populations in the Small Magellanic Cloud". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz725.
@article{osti_1593857,
title = {Constraining the thermally pulsing asymptotic giant branch phase with resolved stellar populations in the Small Magellanic Cloud},
author = {Pastorelli, Giada and Marigo, Paola and Girardi, Léo and Chen, Yang and Rubele, Stefano and Trabucchi, Michele and Aringer, Bernhard and Bladh, Sara and Bressan, Alessandro and Montalbán, Josefina and Boyer, Martha L. and Dalcanton, Julianne J. and Eriksson, Kjell and Groenewegen, Martin A. T. and Höfner, Susanne and Lebzelter, Thomas and Nanni, Ambra and Rosenfield, Philip and Wood, Peter R. and Cioni, Maria-Rosa L.},
abstractNote = {The thermally-pulsing asymptotic giant branch (TP-AGB) experienced by low- andintermediate-mass stars is one of the most uncertain phases of stellar evolution and themodels need to be calibrated with the aid of observations. To this purpose, we couplehigh-quality observations of resolved stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) withdetailed stellar population synthesis simulations computed with theTRILEGALcode.The strength of our approach relies on the detailed spatially-resolved star formationhistory of the SMC, derived from the deep near-infrared photometry of the VISTAsurvey of the Magellanic Clouds, as well as on the capability to quickly and accuratelyexplore a wide variety of parameters and effects with theCOLIBRIcode for the TP-AGB evolution. Adopting a well-characterized set of observations – star counts andluminosity functions – we set up a calibration cycle along which we iteratively changea few key parameters of the TP-AGB models until we eventually reach a good fit tothe observations. Our work leads to identify two best-fitting models that mainly differin the efficiencies of the third dredge-up and mass loss in TP-AGB stars with initialmasses larger than about 3 M. On the basis of these calibrated models we providea full characterization of the TP-AGB stellar population in the SMC in terms of stel-lar parameters (initial masses, C/O ratios, carbon excess, mass-loss rates). Extensivetables of isochrones including these improved models are publicly available},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz725},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 4,
volume = 485,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on March 18, 2020
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 9 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Synthetic photometry for M and K giants and stellar evolution: hydrostatic dust-free model atmospheres and chemical abundances
journal, January 2016

  • Aringer, B.; Girardi, L.; Nowotny, W.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 457, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw222

Estimating the dust production rate of carbon stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud
journal, October 2017

  • Nanni, Ambra; Marigo, Paola; Girardi, Léo
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 473, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx2641

The mid- and far-infrared colours of AGB and post-AGB stars
journal, February 2006


The red tail of carbon stars in the LMC: Models meet 2MASS and DENIS observations
journal, April 2003


Pulsation-triggered dust production by asymptotic giant branch stars
journal, September 2018

  • McDonald, I.; De Beck, E.; Zijlstra, A. A.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 481, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty2607

The Astropy Project: Building an Open-science Project and Status of the v2.0 Core Package
journal, August 2018

  • Price-Whelan, A. M.; Sipőcz, B. M.; Günther, H. M.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 156, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-3881/aabc4f

The DENIS Point Source Catalogue towards the Magellanic Clouds
journal, June 2000

  • Cioni, M. -R.; Loup, C.; Habing, H. J.
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, Vol. 144, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1051/aas:2000210

Dusty winds -- I. Self-similar solutions
journal, October 2001


A dearth of OH/IR stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud
journal, October 2017

  • Goldman, Steven R.; van Loon, Jacco Th.; Gómez, José F.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 473, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx2601

Spitzer infrared spectrograph point source classification in the Small Magellanic Cloud
journal, June 2015

  • Ruffle, Paul M. E.; Kemper, F.; Jones, O. C.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 451, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv1106

The Propagation of Uncertainties in Stellar Population Synthesis Modeling. iii. Model Calibration, Comparison, and Evaluation
journal, March 2010


Evidence for TP‐AGB Stars in High‐Redshift Galaxies, and Their Effect on Deriving Stellar Population Parameters
journal, November 2006

  • Maraston, C.; Daddi, E.; Renzini, A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 652, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/508143

A New Version of Reimers' Law of Mass Loss Based on a Physical Approach
journal, August 2005

  • Schröder, K. -P.; Cuntz, M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 630, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/491579

The acs Nearby Galaxy Survey Treasury
journal, June 2009

  • Dalcanton, Julianne J.; Williams, Benjamin F.; Seth, Anil C.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 183, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/183/1/67

Updated stellar yields from asymptotic giant branch models
journal, April 2010


Evolution of massive AGB stars: III. the thermally pulsing super-AGB phase
journal, March 2010


Testing a Predictive Theoretical Model for the mass loss Rates of cool Stars
journal, October 2011


Extended main Sequence Turnoffs in Intermediate-Age star Clusters: a Correlation Between Turnoff Width and Early Escape Velocity
journal, November 2014

  • Goudfrooij, Paul; Girardi, Léo; Kozhurina-Platais, Vera
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 797, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/797/1/35

Calibrating Stellar Population Models with Magellanic Cloud star Clusters
journal, July 2013


Mass loss of stars on the asymptotic giant branch: Mechanisms, models and measurements
journal, January 2018


Evolutionary population synthesis: models, analysis of the ingredients and application to high-z galaxies
journal, September 2005


Third dredge-up in low-mass stars: solving the Large Magellanic Cloud carbon star mystery: Solving the LMC carbon star mystery
journal, December 2004

  • Stancliffe, Richard J.; Izzard, Robert G.; Tout, Christopher A.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 356, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-3933.2005.08491.x

Massive AGB models of low metallicity: the implications for the self-enrichment scenario in metal-poor globular clusters
journal, March 2009


Stellar Populations in the Large Magellanic Cloud from 2MASS
journal, October 2000

  • Nikolaev, Sergei; Weinberg, Martin D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 542, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/317048

A new method to identify subclasses among AGB stars using Gaia and 2MASS photometry
journal, August 2018


The VMC survey – XIV. First results on the look-back time star formation rate tomography of the Small Magellanic Cloud★
journal, March 2015

  • Rubele, Stefano; Girardi, Léo; Kerber, Leandro
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 449, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv141

The acs Nearby Galaxy Survey Treasury. ix. Constraining Asymptotic Giant Branch Evolution with old Metal-Poor Galaxies
journal, November 2010


Evolution of Thermally Pulsing Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars. v. Constraining the mass loss and Lifetimes of Intermediate-Mass, Low-Metallicity agb Stars
journal, May 2016


The evolved-star dust budget of the Small Magellanic Cloud: the critical role of a few key players
journal, February 2016

  • Srinivasan, S.; Boyer, M. L.; Kemper, F.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 457, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw155

parsec : stellar tracks and isochrones with the PAdova and TRieste Stellar Evolution Code
journal, October 2012


Synthetic photometry for carbon rich giants: I. Hydrostatic dust-free models
journal, July 2009


Evolution of Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars
journal, September 2005


THE CONTRIBUTION OF TP-AGB AND RHeB STARS TO THE NEAR-IR LUMINOSITY OF LOCAL GALAXIES: IMPLICATIONS FOR STELLAR MASS MEASUREMENTS OF HIGH-REDSHIFT GALAXIES
journal, March 2012

  • Melbourne, J.; Williams, Benjamin F.; Dalcanton, Julianne J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 748, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/748/1/47

Multiple stellar populations in Magellanic Cloud clusters: I. An ordinary feature for intermediate age globulars in the LMC?
journal, February 2009


Mass Loss from Cool Stars: Impact on the Evolution of Stars and Stellar Populations
journal, September 2000


Evolution, Nucleosynthesis, and Yields of Low-Mass Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars at Different Metallicities. ii. the Fruity Database
journal, November 2011

  • Cristallo, S.; Piersanti, L.; Straniero, O.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 197, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/197/2/17

Composition and quantities of dust produced by AGB-stars and returned to the interstellar medium
journal, February 2006


Extended Main-sequence Turn-offs in Intermediate-age Star Clusters: Stellar Rotation Diminishes, but Does Not Eliminate, Age Spreads
journal, August 2017

  • Goudfrooij, Paul; Girardi, Léo; Correnti, Matteo
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 846, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa7fb7

Evolution of thermally pulsing asymptotic giant branch stars – I. The colibri code
journal, July 2013

  • Marigo, Paola; Bressan, Alessandro; Nanni, Ambra
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 434, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt1034

Mid‐Infrared Spectroscopy of Carbon Stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud
journal, July 2006

  • Sloan, G. C.; Kraemer, K. E.; Matsuura, M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 645, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/504516

Evolution and Nucleosynthesis of Asymptotic Giant Branch Stellar Models of low Metallicity
journal, November 2014

  • Fishlock, Cherie K.; Karakas, Amanda I.; Lugaro, Maria
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 797, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/797/1/44

Identification of a Class of Low-Mass Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars Struggling to Become Carbon Stars in the Magellanic Clouds
journal, September 2015


AGB stars in the Magellanic Clouds: I. The C/M ratio
journal, April 2003


The White Dwarf Initial–Final Mass Relation for Progenitor Stars from 0.85 to 7.5 M ⊙
journal, October 2018

  • Cummings, Jeffrey D.; Kalirai, Jason S.; Tremblay, P. -E.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 866, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aadfd6

Low-temperature gas opacity: ÆSOPUS: a versatile and quick computational tool
journal, November 2009


The asymptotic giant branch of Magellanic Cloud clusters
journal, March 1990

  • Frogel, Jay A.; Mould, Jeremy; Blanco, V. M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 352
  • DOI: 10.1086/168518

Modelling long-period variables – I. A new grid of O-rich and C-rich pulsation models
journal, October 2018

  • Trabucchi, Michele; Wood, Peter R.; Montalbán, Josefina
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 482, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty2745

The VMC survey: I. Strategy and first data
journal, February 2011


Discovery of two distinct red clumps in NGC 419: a rare snapshot of a cluster at the onset of degeneracy
journal, March 2009

  • Girardi, Léo; Rubele, Stefano; Kerber, Leandro
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 394, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-3933.2008.00614.x

Astropy: A community Python package for astronomy
journal, September 2013


Surveying the Agents of Galaxy Evolution in the Tidally Stripped, low Metallicity Small Magellanic Cloud (Sage-Smc). ii. cool Evolved Stars
journal, August 2011

  • Boyer, Martha L.; Srinivasan, Sundar; van Loon, Jacco Th.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 142, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-6256/142/4/103

Numerical methods of star formation history measurement and applications to seven dwarf spheroidals
journal, May 2002


Surveying the Agents of Galaxy Evolution in the Tidally Stripped, low Metallicity Small Magellanic Cloud (Sage-Smc). i. Overview
journal, August 2011


Heavy-element yields and abundances of asymptotic giant branch models with a Small Magellanic Cloud metallicity
journal, March 2018

  • Karakas, Amanda I.; Lugaro, Maria; Carlos, Marília
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 477, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty625

Rotating Stellar Models can Account for the Extended Main-Sequence Turnoffs in Intermediate-Age Clusters
journal, June 2015


Is There a Metallicity Ceiling to form Carbon Stars?—A Novel Technique Reveals a Scarcity of c Stars in the Inner m31 disk
journal, August 2013


Near-infrared spectroscopy of post-starburst galaxies: a limited impact of TP-AGB stars on galaxy spectral energy distributions★
journal, October 2012

  • Zibetti, Stefano; Gallazzi, Anna; Charlot, Stéphane
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 428, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sts126

AGB stars in the SMC: evolution and dust properties based on Spitzer observations
journal, October 2015

  • Dell'Agli, F.; García-Hernández, D. A.; Ventura, P.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 454, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2298

Resolved Near-Infrared Stellar Populations in Nearby Galaxies
journal, December 2011

  • Dalcanton, Julianne J.; Williams, Benjamin F.; Melbourne, Jason L.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 198, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/198/1/6

Evolution of low- and intermediate-mass stars to the end of the asymptotic giant branch with mass loss
journal, August 1993

  • Vassiliadis, E.; Wood, P. R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 413
  • DOI: 10.1086/173033

A new synthetic model for asymptotic giant branch stars
journal, May 2004

  • Izzard, Robert G.; Tout, Christopher A.; Karakas, Amanda I.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 350, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2004.07446.x

Star counts in the Galaxy: Simulating from very deep to very shallow photometric surveys with the TRILEGAL code
journal, June 2005

  • Girardi, L.; Groenewegen, M. A. T.; Hatziminaoglou, E.
  • Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol. 436, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20042352

Evolution and Yields of Extremely Metal‐poor Intermediate‐Mass Stars
journal, December 2004

  • Herwig, Falk
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 155, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/425419

AGB stars in the Magellanic Clouds: II. The rate of star formation across the LMC
journal, February 2006


A NEW GENERATION OF PARSEC - COLIBRI STELLAR ISOCHRONES INCLUDING THE TP-AGB PHASE
journal, January 2017


EVOLUTION, NUCLEOSYNTHESIS, AND YIELDS OF AGB STARS AT DIFFERENT METALLICITIES. III. INTERMEDIATE-MASS MODELS, REVISED LOW-MASS MODELS, AND THE pH-FRUITY INTERFACE
journal, August 2015

  • Cristallo, S.; Straniero, O.; Piersanti, L.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 219, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/219/2/40

Dawes Review 6: The Impact of Companions on Stellar Evolution
journal, January 2017

  • De Marco, Orsola; Izzard, Robert G.
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, Vol. 34
  • DOI: 10.1017/pasa.2016.52

Solar Chemical Abundances Determined with a CO5BOLD 3D Model Atmosphere
journal, March 2010


Modeling the Panchromatic Spectral Energy Distributions of Galaxies
journal, August 2013


Luminosities and mass-loss rates of Local Group AGB stars and red supergiants
journal, January 2018


New asymptotic giant branch models for a range of metallicities
journal, November 2009


The Correlation between Mixing Length and Metallicity on the Giant Branch: Implications for Ages in the Gaia Era
journal, April 2017

  • Tayar, Jamie; Somers, Garrett; Pinsonneault, Marc H.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 840, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa6a1e

Dust driven mass loss from carbon stars as a function of stellar parameters: I. A grid of solar-metallicity wind models
journal, January 2010


Parameterising the Third Dredge-up in Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars
journal, January 2002

  • Karakas, A. I.; Lattanzio, J. C.; Pols, O. R.
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, Vol. 19, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1071/AS02013

The dependence of convective core overshooting on stellar mass
journal, July 2016


On the variation of the initial mass function
journal, April 2001


The Star Formation History of the Small Magellanic Cloud
journal, March 2004

  • Harris, Jason; Zaritsky, Dennis
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 127, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1086/381953

The core mass Growth and Stellar Lifetime of Thermally Pulsing Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars
journal, January 2014

  • Kalirai, Jason S.; Marigo, Paola; Tremblay, Pier-Emmanuel
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 782, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/782/1/17

Stellar population synthesis at the resolution of 2003
journal, October 2003


New Clues to the Cause of Extended Main-Sequence Turnoffs in Intermediate-Age star Clusters in the Magellanic Clouds
journal, September 2014


The TP-AGB phase: Lifetimes from C and M star counts in Magellanic Cloud clusters
journal, October 2006


age Determination of six Intermediate-Age Small Magellanic Cloud star Clusters with hst /acs
journal, September 2008


Evolution of asymptotic giant branch stars: I. Updated synthetic TP-AGB models and their basic calibration
journal, April 2007


The Insidious Boosting of Thermally Pulsing Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars in Intermediate-Age Magellanic Cloud Clusters
journal, October 2013


Matplotlib: A 2D Graphics Environment
journal, January 2007


An Empirical Measurement of the Initial–Final Mass Relation with Gaia White Dwarfs
journal, June 2018

  • El-Badry, Kareem; Rix, Hans-Walter; Weisz, Daniel R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 860, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aaca9c

Asteroseismology of old open clusters with Kepler: direct estimate of the integrated red giant branch mass-loss in NGC 6791 and 6819: Asteroseismology of old open clusters
journal, November 2011


Evolution of asymptotic giant branch stars: II. Optical to far-infrared isochrones with improved TP-AGB models
journal, March 2008


The VMC survey – XXXI: The spatially resolved star formation history of the main body of the Small Magellanic Cloud
journal, June 2018

  • Rubele, Stefano; Pastorelli, Giada; Girardi, Léo
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 478, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty1279

Synthetic photometry for carbon-rich giants: IV. An extensive grid of dynamic atmosphere and wind models⋆⋆⋆
journal, June 2014


The Spectral Energy Distribution of Post-Starburst Galaxies in the Newfirm Medium-Band Survey: a low Contribution from Tp-Agb Stars
journal, September 2010


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    An extensive grid of DARWIN models for M-type AGB stars: I. Mass-loss rates and other properties of dust-driven winds★
    journal, June 2019


    A Dramatic Decrease in Carbon Star Formation in M31
    journal, July 2019