skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on June 24, 2020

Title: Squeezing Marsquakes Out of Groundwater

Abstract

Pore pressure in aquifers confined below a cryosphere will increase as Mars cools and the cryosphere thickens. Increased pore pressure decreases the effective stress and hence promotes seismicity. We calculate the rate of pore pressure change from cooling of Mars's interior and the modulation of pore pressure from solar and Phobos tides and barometric loading. Using the time-varying pressure and tidal stresses, we compute Coulomb stress changes and the expected seismicity rate from a rate-and-state friction model. Seismicity rate will vary by several tens of percent to 2 orders of magnitude if the mean pore pressure is within 0.2 and 0.01 MPa of lithostatic, respectively. Seismic events promoted by high pore pressure may be tremor-like. Documenting (or not) tidally modulated shallow seismicity would provide evidence for (or against) water-filled confined aquifers, that pore pressure is high, and that the state of stress is close to failure—with implications for processes that can deliver water to the Martian surface.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1580887
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1560204
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC02-05CH11231; SC0019307]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 46; Journal Issue: 12]; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES

Citation Formats

Manga, Michael, Zhai, Guang, and Wang, Chi‐Yuen. Squeezing Marsquakes Out of Groundwater. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1029/2019gl082892.
Manga, Michael, Zhai, Guang, & Wang, Chi‐Yuen. Squeezing Marsquakes Out of Groundwater. United States. doi:10.1029/2019gl082892.
Manga, Michael, Zhai, Guang, and Wang, Chi‐Yuen. Mon . "Squeezing Marsquakes Out of Groundwater". United States. doi:10.1029/2019gl082892.
@article{osti_1580887,
title = {Squeezing Marsquakes Out of Groundwater},
author = {Manga, Michael and Zhai, Guang and Wang, Chi‐Yuen},
abstractNote = {Pore pressure in aquifers confined below a cryosphere will increase as Mars cools and the cryosphere thickens. Increased pore pressure decreases the effective stress and hence promotes seismicity. We calculate the rate of pore pressure change from cooling of Mars's interior and the modulation of pore pressure from solar and Phobos tides and barometric loading. Using the time-varying pressure and tidal stresses, we compute Coulomb stress changes and the expected seismicity rate from a rate-and-state friction model. Seismicity rate will vary by several tens of percent to 2 orders of magnitude if the mean pore pressure is within 0.2 and 0.01 MPa of lithostatic, respectively. Seismic events promoted by high pore pressure may be tremor-like. Documenting (or not) tidally modulated shallow seismicity would provide evidence for (or against) water-filled confined aquifers, that pore pressure is high, and that the state of stress is close to failure—with implications for processes that can deliver water to the Martian surface.},
doi = {10.1029/2019gl082892},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
number = [12],
volume = [46],
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on June 24, 2020
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Early Mars hydrology: 2. Hydrological evolution in the Noachian and Hesperian epochs
journal, January 2011

  • Andrews-Hanna, Jeffrey C.; Lewis, Kevin W.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116, Issue E2
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003709

Slow Earthquakes and Nonvolcanic Tremor
journal, May 2011


Improved estimate of tidal dissipation within Mars from MOLA observations of the shadow of Phobos
journal, January 2005


Friction of rocks
journal, January 1978

  • Byerlee, J.
  • Pure and Applied Geophysics PAGEOPH, Vol. 116, Issue 4-5
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00876528

Martian surface/near-surface water inventory: Sources, sinks, and changes with time: Martian water
journal, February 2015


A model for the hydrologic and climatic behavior of water on Mars
journal, January 1993

  • Clifford, Stephen M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 98, Issue E6
  • DOI: 10.1029/93JE00225

Depth of the Martian cryosphere: Revised estimates and implications for the existence and detection of subpermafrost groundwater
journal, January 2010

  • Clifford, Stephen M.; Lasue, Jeremie; Heggy, Essam
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115, Issue E7
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JE003462

A constitutive law for rate of earthquake production and its application to earthquake clustering
journal, February 1994

  • Dieterich, James
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 99, Issue B2
  • DOI: 10.1029/93JB02581

Injection-Induced Earthquakes
journal, July 2013


Considerations for effusive cryovolcanism on Europa: The post-Galileo perspective: CRYOVOLCANISM ON EUROPA
journal, December 2003

  • Fagents, Sarah A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, Vol. 108, Issue E12
  • DOI: 10.1029/2003JE002128

Two-year survey comparing earthquake activity and injection-well locations in the Barnett Shale, Texas
journal, August 2012


Cryovolcanism and the Recent Flow of Liquid Water on Mars
journal, September 2001


Seasonal and static gravity field of Mars from MGS, Mars Odyssey and MRO radio science
journal, July 2016


The spatial footprint of injection wells in a global compilation of induced earthquake sequences
journal, August 2018


A Prediction of Mars Seismicity from Surface Faulting
journal, November 1992


Geology and Physical Properties Investigations by the InSight Lander
journal, June 2018


On the secular retention of ground water and ice on Mars: Mars Ice Retention
journal, January 2017

  • Grimm, Robert E.; Harrison, Keith P.; Stillman, David E.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, Vol. 122, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016JE005132

Hydrological modeling of the Martian crust with application to the pressurization of aquifers
journal, January 2005


Tectonic pressurization of aquifers in the formation of Mangala and Athabasca Valles, Mars
journal, January 2006

  • Hanna, Jeffrey C.; Phillips, Roger J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, Issue E3
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005JE002546

Tharsis recharge: A source of groundwater for Martian outflow channels
journal, January 2004


Thermo-physical properties of selected hard rocks and their relation to microwave-assisted comminution
journal, May 2016


Formation of Martian gullies by the action of liquid water flowing under current Martian environmental conditions
journal, January 2005

  • Heldmann, Jennifer L.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 110, Issue E5
  • DOI: 10.1029/2004JE002261

Martian satellite orbits and ephemerides
journal, November 2014


Sharp increase in central Oklahoma seismicity since 2008 induced by massive wastewater injection
journal, July 2014


Working models for spatial distribution and level of Mars' seismicity
journal, January 2006

  • Knapmeyer, M.; Oberst, J.; Hauber, E.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, Issue E11
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006JE002708

An improved JPL Mars gravity field and orientation from Mars orbiter and lander tracking data
journal, August 2016


Lunar seismicity and tectonics
journal, June 1977


A surface gravity traverse on Mars indicates low bedrock density at Gale crater
journal, January 2019


Evidence for Recent Groundwater Seepage and Surface Runoff on Mars
journal, June 2000


Formation of lenticulae on Europa by saucer-shaped sills
journal, April 2017


Pressurized oceans and the eruption of liquid water on Europa and Enceladus
journal, January 2007


Recent gullies on Mars and the source of liquid water
journal, October 2001

  • Mellon, Michael T.; Phillips, Roger J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, Vol. 106, Issue E10
  • DOI: 10.1029/2000JE001424

Deep groundwater and potential subsurface habitats beneath an Antarctic dry valley
journal, April 2015

  • Mikucki, J. A.; Auken, E.; Tulaczyk, S.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7831

Spectral evidence for hydrated salts in recurring slope lineae on Mars
journal, September 2015

  • Ojha, Lujendra; Wilhelm, Mary Beth; Murchie, Scott L.
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 8, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2546

Planned Products of the Mars Structure Service for the InSight Mission to Mars
journal, November 2016

  • Panning, Mark P.; Lognonné, Philippe; Bruce Banerdt, W.
  • Space Science Reviews, Vol. 211, Issue 1-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11214-016-0317-5

Present-day heat flow model of Mars
journal, April 2017

  • Parro, Laura M.; Jiménez-Díaz, Alberto; Mansilla, Federico
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep45629

How large are present-day heat flux variations across the surface of Mars?: MARS HEAT FLUX
journal, December 2016

  • Plesa, A. -C.; Grott, M.; Tosi, N.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, Vol. 121, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016JE005126

Thermal evolution and Urey ratio of Mars: MARS UREY RATIO
journal, May 2015

  • Plesa, A. -C.; Tosi, N.; Grott, M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, Vol. 120, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JE004748

Tidal Modulation of Nonvolcanic Tremor
journal, January 2008


A Systematic Assessment of the Spatiotemporal Evolution of Fault Activation Through Induced Seismicity in Oklahoma and Southern Kansas: Induced Seismicity Evolution in Oklahoma
journal, December 2017

  • Schoenball, Martin; Ellsworth, William L.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 122, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/2017JB014850

Injection-induced seismicity: Poroelastic and earthquake nucleation effects: INJECTION INDUCED SEISMICITY
journal, July 2015

  • Segall, P.; Lu, S.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 120, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JB012060

Surface uplift and time-dependent seismic hazard due to fluid injection in eastern Texas
journal, September 2016


Measurements of thermal properties of icy Mars regolith analogs: THERMAL PROPERTIES OF ICY MARS REGOLITH
journal, March 2012

  • Siegler, Matthew; Aharonson, Oded; Carey, Elizabeth
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, Vol. 117, Issue E3
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011JE003938

The interior structure of Mars: Implications from SNC meteorites
journal, January 1997

  • Sohl, Frank; Spohn, Tilman
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, Vol. 102, Issue E1
  • DOI: 10.1029/96JE03419

Water on Mars, With a Grain of Salt: Local Heat Anomalies Are Required for Basal Melting of Ice at the South Pole Today
journal, February 2019

  • Sori, Michael M.; Bramson, Ali M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 46, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1029/2018GL080985

New observations of martian southern mid-latitude recurring slope lineae (RSL) imply formation by freshwater subsurface flows
journal, May 2014


Breathing of the seafloor: Tidal correlations of seismicity at Axial volcano
journal, January 2002


Fortnightly modulation of San Andreas tremor and low-frequency earthquakes
journal, July 2016

  • van der Elst, Nicholas J.; Delorey, Andrew A.; Shelly, David R.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 113, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1524316113

Can freezing cause floods on Mars?
journal, January 2006

  • Wang, Chi-yuen; Manga, Michael; Hanna, Jeffrey C.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 33, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006GL027471

Floods on Mars released from groundwater by impact
journal, June 2005


Fluid Injection and Time-Dependent Seismic Hazard in the Barnett Shale, Texas
journal, May 2018

  • Zhai, Guang; Shirzaei, Manoochehr
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 45, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1029/2018GL077696

Earthquake triggering and large-scale geologic storage of carbon dioxide
journal, June 2012

  • Zoback, M. D.; Gorelick, S. M.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 109, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1202473109