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Title: Climate warming accelerates temporal scaling of grassland soil microbial biodiversity

Abstract

Determining the temporal scaling of biodiversity, typically described as species-time relationships (STRs), in the face of global climate change is a central issue in ecology because it is fundamental to biodiversity preservation and ecosystem management. However, whether and how climate change affects microbial STRs remains unclear, mainly due to the scarcity of long-term experimental data. Here, we examine the STRs and phylogenetic-time relationships (PTRs) of soil bacteria and fungi in a long-term multifactorial global change experiment with warming (+3 °C), half precipitation (-50%), double precipitation (+100%) and clipping (annual plant biomass removal). Soil bacteria and fungi all exhibited strong STRs and PTRs across the 12 experimental conditions. Strikingly, warming accelerated the bacterial and fungal STR and PTR exponents (that is, the w values), yielding significantly (P < 0.001) higher temporal scaling rates. While the STRs and PTRs were significantly shifted by altered precipitation, clipping and their combinations, warming played the predominant role. In addition, comparison with the previous literature revealed that soil bacteria and fungi had considerably higher overall temporal scaling rates (w = 0.39-0.64) than those of plants and animals (w = 0.21-0.38). As a result, our results on warming-enhanced temporal scaling of microbial biodiversity suggest that the strategiesmore » of soil biodiversity preservation and ecosystem management may need to be adjusted in a warmer world.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [6];  [6];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [5]; ORCiD logo [5];  [7];  [7];  [8] more »;  [9]; ORCiD logo [10]; ORCiD logo [11] « less
  1. Central South Univ., Changsha (China); Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States); Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
  2. Central South Univ., Changsha (China); Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States)
  3. Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States); Waste Management Research Unit, Parlier, CA (United States)
  4. Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  5. Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States)
  6. Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States); Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
  7. Central South Univ., Changsha (China)
  8. Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States); Northern Arizona Univ., Flagstaff, AZ (United States); Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
  9. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
  10. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
  11. Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States); Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1577333
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; SC0004601; SC0010715
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Ecology and Evolution
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2397-334X
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Guo, Xue, Zhou, Xishu, Hale, Lauren, Yuan, Mengting, Ning, Daliang, Feng, Jiajie, Shi, Zhou, Li, Zhenxin, Feng, Bin, Gao, Qun, Wu, Linwei, Shi, Weiling, Zhou, Aifen, Fu, Ying, Wu, Liyou, He, Zhili, Van Nostrand, Joy D., Qiu, Guanzhou, Liu, Xueduan, Luo, Yiqi, Tiedje, James M., Yang, Yunfeng, and Zhou, Jizhong. Climate warming accelerates temporal scaling of grassland soil microbial biodiversity. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41559-019-0848-8.
Guo, Xue, Zhou, Xishu, Hale, Lauren, Yuan, Mengting, Ning, Daliang, Feng, Jiajie, Shi, Zhou, Li, Zhenxin, Feng, Bin, Gao, Qun, Wu, Linwei, Shi, Weiling, Zhou, Aifen, Fu, Ying, Wu, Liyou, He, Zhili, Van Nostrand, Joy D., Qiu, Guanzhou, Liu, Xueduan, Luo, Yiqi, Tiedje, James M., Yang, Yunfeng, & Zhou, Jizhong. Climate warming accelerates temporal scaling of grassland soil microbial biodiversity. United States. doi:10.1038/s41559-019-0848-8.
Guo, Xue, Zhou, Xishu, Hale, Lauren, Yuan, Mengting, Ning, Daliang, Feng, Jiajie, Shi, Zhou, Li, Zhenxin, Feng, Bin, Gao, Qun, Wu, Linwei, Shi, Weiling, Zhou, Aifen, Fu, Ying, Wu, Liyou, He, Zhili, Van Nostrand, Joy D., Qiu, Guanzhou, Liu, Xueduan, Luo, Yiqi, Tiedje, James M., Yang, Yunfeng, and Zhou, Jizhong. Mon . "Climate warming accelerates temporal scaling of grassland soil microbial biodiversity". United States. doi:10.1038/s41559-019-0848-8.
@article{osti_1577333,
title = {Climate warming accelerates temporal scaling of grassland soil microbial biodiversity},
author = {Guo, Xue and Zhou, Xishu and Hale, Lauren and Yuan, Mengting and Ning, Daliang and Feng, Jiajie and Shi, Zhou and Li, Zhenxin and Feng, Bin and Gao, Qun and Wu, Linwei and Shi, Weiling and Zhou, Aifen and Fu, Ying and Wu, Liyou and He, Zhili and Van Nostrand, Joy D. and Qiu, Guanzhou and Liu, Xueduan and Luo, Yiqi and Tiedje, James M. and Yang, Yunfeng and Zhou, Jizhong},
abstractNote = {Determining the temporal scaling of biodiversity, typically described as species-time relationships (STRs), in the face of global climate change is a central issue in ecology because it is fundamental to biodiversity preservation and ecosystem management. However, whether and how climate change affects microbial STRs remains unclear, mainly due to the scarcity of long-term experimental data. Here, we examine the STRs and phylogenetic-time relationships (PTRs) of soil bacteria and fungi in a long-term multifactorial global change experiment with warming (+3 °C), half precipitation (-50%), double precipitation (+100%) and clipping (annual plant biomass removal). Soil bacteria and fungi all exhibited strong STRs and PTRs across the 12 experimental conditions. Strikingly, warming accelerated the bacterial and fungal STR and PTR exponents (that is, the w values), yielding significantly (P < 0.001) higher temporal scaling rates. While the STRs and PTRs were significantly shifted by altered precipitation, clipping and their combinations, warming played the predominant role. In addition, comparison with the previous literature revealed that soil bacteria and fungi had considerably higher overall temporal scaling rates (w = 0.39-0.64) than those of plants and animals (w = 0.21-0.38). As a result, our results on warming-enhanced temporal scaling of microbial biodiversity suggest that the strategies of soil biodiversity preservation and ecosystem management may need to be adjusted in a warmer world.},
doi = {10.1038/s41559-019-0848-8},
journal = {Nature Ecology and Evolution},
number = 4,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

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