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Title: Dipole Magnets Above 20 Tesla: Research Needs for a Path via High-Temperature Superconducting REBCO Conductors

Abstract

To enable the physics research that continues to deepen our understanding of the Universe, future circular colliders will require a critical and unique instrument—magnets that can generate a dipole field of 20 T and above. However, today’s maturing magnet technology for low-temperature superconductors (Nb-Ti and Nb 3Sn) can lead to a maximum dipole field of around 16 T. High-temperature superconductors such as REBCO can, in principle, generate higher dipole fields but significant challenges exist for both conductor and magnet technology. To address these challenges, several critical research needs, including direct needs on instrumentation and measurements, are identified to push for the maximum dipole fields a REBCO accelerator magnet can generate. We discuss the research needs by reviewing the current results and outlining the perspectives for future technology development, followed by a brief update on the status of the technology development at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. We present a roadmap for the next decade to develop 20 T-class REBCO accelerator magnets as an enabling instrument for future energy-frontier accelerator complex.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1576510
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2410-390X
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; REBCO; accelerator magnet; technology development

Citation Formats

Wang, Xiaorong, Gourlay, Stephen A., and Prestemon, Soren O. Dipole Magnets Above 20 Tesla: Research Needs for a Path via High-Temperature Superconducting REBCO Conductors. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3390/instruments3040062.
Wang, Xiaorong, Gourlay, Stephen A., & Prestemon, Soren O. Dipole Magnets Above 20 Tesla: Research Needs for a Path via High-Temperature Superconducting REBCO Conductors. United States. doi:10.3390/instruments3040062.
Wang, Xiaorong, Gourlay, Stephen A., and Prestemon, Soren O. Fri . "Dipole Magnets Above 20 Tesla: Research Needs for a Path via High-Temperature Superconducting REBCO Conductors". United States. doi:10.3390/instruments3040062. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1576510.
@article{osti_1576510,
title = {Dipole Magnets Above 20 Tesla: Research Needs for a Path via High-Temperature Superconducting REBCO Conductors},
author = {Wang, Xiaorong and Gourlay, Stephen A. and Prestemon, Soren O.},
abstractNote = {To enable the physics research that continues to deepen our understanding of the Universe, future circular colliders will require a critical and unique instrument—magnets that can generate a dipole field of 20 T and above. However, today’s maturing magnet technology for low-temperature superconductors (Nb-Ti and Nb3Sn) can lead to a maximum dipole field of around 16 T. High-temperature superconductors such as REBCO can, in principle, generate higher dipole fields but significant challenges exist for both conductor and magnet technology. To address these challenges, several critical research needs, including direct needs on instrumentation and measurements, are identified to push for the maximum dipole fields a REBCO accelerator magnet can generate. We discuss the research needs by reviewing the current results and outlining the perspectives for future technology development, followed by a brief update on the status of the technology development at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. We present a roadmap for the next decade to develop 20 T-class REBCO accelerator magnets as an enabling instrument for future energy-frontier accelerator complex.},
doi = {10.3390/instruments3040062},
journal = {Instruments},
number = 4,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

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High temperature superconductors for fusion magnets
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Ultra-Small Diameter Round REBCO Wire With Robust Mechanical Properties
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Feasibility Study of the Impregnation of a No-Insulation HTS Coil Using Solder
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Quench behavior of high-temperature superconductor (RE)Ba 2 Cu 3 O x CORC cable
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Development of ReBCO-CORC Wires With Current Densities of 400–600 A/mm $^2$ at 10 T and 4.2 K
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26 T 35 mm all-GdBa 2 Cu 3 O 7– x multi-width no-insulation superconducting magnet
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Multifilament, copper-stabilized superconductor tapes with low alternating current loss
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A viable dipole magnet concept with REBCO CORC ® wires and further development needs for high-field magnet applications
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Electrothermal Modeling of Quench in REBCO Roebel Cables
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High Field Superconducting Solenoids Via High Temperature Superconductors
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The winding mechanical behavior of conductor on round core cables
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Stability and normal zone propagation in YBCO CORC cables
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Critical current of dense Bi-2212 round wires as a function of axial strain
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A new quench detection method for HTS magnets: stray-capacitance change monitoring
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Measurements of the Strain Dependence of Critical Current of Commercial REBCO Tapes at 15 T Between 4.2 and 40 K for High Field Magnets
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AC Loss Measurements for 2G HTS Racetrack Coils With Heat-Shrink Tube Insulation
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Insulation system for high temperature superconductor cables
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Damage Investigations in the HTS Cable Prototype After the Cycling Test in EDIPO
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Feasibility Study of the Impregnation of a No-Insulation HTS Coil Using an Electrically Conductive Epoxy
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Field Quality Measurements in a Single-Aperture 11 T $ \hbox{Nb}_{3}\hbox{Sn}$ Demonstrator Dipole for LHC Upgrades
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Study of the effects of high temperatures during quenches on the performance of a small Nb 3 Sn racetrack magnet
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Cyclic load effect on round strands made by twisted stacks of HTS tapes
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Modeling-Driven Optimization of Mechanically Robust REBCO Tapes and Wires
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Status of CORC ® cables and wires for use in high-field magnets and power systems a decade after their introduction
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Quench Detection Utilizing Stray Capacitances
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Coupling time constants of striated and copper-plated coated conductors and the potential of striation to reduce shielding-current-induced fields in pancake coils
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Reversible effect of strain on transport critical current in Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O 8 + x superconducting wires: a modified descriptive strain model
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The EuCARD-2 Future Magnets European Collaboration for Accelerator-Quality HTS Magnets
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Bending of CORC ® cables and wires: finite element parametric study and experimental validation
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Effects of Filament Size on Critical Current Density in Overpressure Processed Bi-2212 Round Wire
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Characterization of Roebel Cables for Potential Use in High-Field Magnets
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Beneficial influence of Hf and Zr additions to Nb4at%Ta on the vortex pinning of Nb 3 Sn with and without an O source
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Multipoles Induced by Inter-Strand Coupling Currents in LARP $\hbox{Nb}_{3}\hbox{Sn}$ Quadrupoles
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Quench detection for high temperature superconductor magnets: a novel technique based on Rayleigh-backscattering interrogated optical fibers
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Measurement and Analysis of the Dynamic Effects in an HTS Dipole Magnet
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‘Defect-irrelevant’ behavior of a no-insulation pancake coil wound with REBCO tapes containing multiple defects
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A Review of the State-of-the-Art Superconductor Technology for High Power Applications
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A 1.2 T canted cos θ dipole magnet using high-temperature superconducting CORC ® wires
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Design Study of a 16-T Block Dipole for FCC
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Quench Detection for High-Temperature Superconductor Conductors Using Acoustic Thermometry
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Progress in the Development and Construction of a 32-T Superconducting Magnet
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10 kA Joints for HTS Roebel Cables
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Magnetization Measurements of High-$J_{\rm c}$$\hbox{Nb}_{3}\hbox{Sn}$ Strands
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An Acoustic Quench Detection Method for CICC Conductor Operating in Gas or Liquid
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Fabrication of Bi-2212 Canted-Cosine-Theta Dipole Prototypes
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Status of the EuCARD 5.4-T REBCO Dipole Magnet
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High-Performance Bi-2212 Round Wires Made With Recent Powders
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Field Quality of HD3—A Nb $_3$ Sn Dipole Magnet Based on Block Design
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Design, fabrication and testing of a dipole magnet made with 2G HTS wire
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Remarkable weakness against cleavage stress for YBCO-coated conductors and its effect on the YBCO coil performance
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HTS twisted stacked-tape cable conductor
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HTS Quadrupole for FRIB—Design, Construction and Test Results
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Magnetization and Creep in YBCO Tape and CORC Cables for Particle Accelerators: Value and Modification Via Preinjection Cycle
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Progress with High-Field Superconducting Magnets for High-Energy Colliders
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Relationships between critical current and stress IN NbTi
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YBCO Superconductor Wire based on IBAD-Textured Templates and RCE of YBCO: Process Economics
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How filaments can reduce AC losses in HTS coated conductors: a review
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R & D for accelerator magnets with react and wind high temperature superconductors
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20 T dipoles and Bi-2212: the path to LHC energy upgrade
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Strain Distribution in REBCO-Coated Conductors Bent With the Constant-Perimeter Geometry
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Magnetization and Flux Penetration of YBCO CORC Cable Segments at the Injection Fields of Accelerator Magnets
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Design and Manufacturing of a 45 kA at 10 T REBCO-CORC Cable-in-Conduit Conductor for Large-Scale Magnets
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Magnetization measurements on LHC superconducting strands
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Present Status and Recent Developments of the Twisted Stacked-Tape Cable Conductor
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Structural modeling of HTS tapes and cables
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The EuCARD2 Future Magnets Program for Particle Accelerator High-Field Dipoles: Review of Results and Next Steps
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First Cold Powering Test of REBCO Roebel Wound Coil for the EuCARD2 Future Magnet Development Project
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Finite-Element Analysis of the Strain Distribution Due to Bending in a REBCO Coated Conductor for Canted Cosine Theta Dipole Magnet Applications
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Coated conductors for power applications: materials challenges
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Dipoles for High-Energy LHC
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Magnetization Measurements of CORC TM and Roebel Type YBCO Cables for Accelerators Using a ±3-T Dipole Magnetometer
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Over-Current Test of REBCO Pancake Coils Impregnated With Electrically Conductive Epoxy Resin Under Conduction-Cooled Conditions
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Conceptual magnet design study for fusion nuclear science facility
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Performance Characteristics of $\hbox{Nb}_{3}\hbox{Sn}$ Block-Coil Dipoles for a 100 TeV Hadron Collider
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